MEDIADEM In The Media

MEDIADEM project stories published

Credits: yuheitomi/Creative Commons

Phase I

Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, generic the European Union and the Council of Europe

A comprehensive collective report discussing media policy and regulation in 14 European countries was produced in the context of the MEDIADEM project. The report discusses the configuration of the media landscape in the countries under study, injection explores the main regulatory instruments used to govern the media, and assesses the implications of the policies conducted for democratic politics.

The report also contains an analysis of the media-related activities of the European Union and the Council of Europe, focusing on the interventions that are relevant for the protection and promotion of media freedom and independence.

You may download the collective report here. Individual chapters are also available in pdf format: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Spain (also available in Spanish), Turkey, the UK, EU/CoE.

The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project

A theoretical report clarifying basic concepts and analytical issues upon which MEDIADEM research is based and pursued was produced. The report conceptualises media policy in an increasingly converged and integrated media environment, and discusses its relationship to democracy, as well as its nature, scope, making and implementation. The report further explores the concept of media freedom and independence, which is identified as a distinct area for the study of media policy, and examines present practice and potential of regulation in the field. The report is available here.

Phase II

Case study reports – Does media policy promote media freedom and independence?

14 case study reports discussing the policy processes and the regulatory tools that have a bearing on the development of free and independent media in the countries covered by the MEDIADEM project were issued. The case study reports engage in an empirical study of the institutional dynamics of media policy-making in the countries under review. They also examine the regulatory framework governing the media, investigating whether the domestic rules, as enacted and implemented, facilitate the development of free and independent media. The methodology employed for the case study reports combines an examination of primary resources, secondary literature and semi-structured interviews with policy-makers, journalists and independent media regulators, amongst others.

In more detail, the reports:

  • Identify the institutional structures and the actors involved in media policy formulation and implementation, inquiring into the values that guide their activities, in particular freedom of expression and the right to information;
  • Investigate the formulation and implementation of the legal rules concerned with the configuration of the media market and the diversification of media content;
  • Examine journalists’ professional practices and autonomy;
  • Explore the media literacy initiatives adopted at a state and non-state level, the degree to which they are underpinned by freedom of expression and information standards, and media transparency.

You may download the case study reports in pdf format: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovakia (also available in Slovakian), Spain, Turkey, and the UK.

Phase III

Comparative reports – Similarities and differences across the MEDIADEM countries

A collection of reports, entitled Media freedom and independence in 14 European countries: A comparative perspective, was published. The reports focus on a comparative analysis of the most pertinent questions and key issue areas for media freedom and independence across the MEDIADEM countries. Based on the project’s empirical research, these reports examine and analyse the contribution (or not) of different media policy patterns to the promotion of free and independent media. The reports address:

a) the freedom and independence of public service media in the MEDIADEM countries;

b) the relationship between politics and the media in five Eastern European countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Romania and Slovakia;

c) trends and policy approaches pertaining to new media services in the MEDIADEM countries;

d) the professional autonomy in journalism as a factor for safeguarding freedom of expression in the MEDIADEM countries; and

e) the role of the European courts in shaping media policies in the MEDIADEM countries.

MEDIADEM’s comparative output also comprises a report entitled The regulatory quest for free and independent media. This report examines the different forms of media regulation currently in place in the fourteen countries covered by the MEDIADEM project with a view to identifying common patterns, best practices and emerging problems. The report adopts an integrated notion of media, including digital media, and examines: a) different levels of regulation (national and European regulatory processes, stemming from both the European Union and the Council of Europe); and b) various forms of regulation (public and private regulation, hybrids thereof, and multiple institutional and governance arrangements).

Phase IV

Media policy development: Policy suggestions for the promotion of media freedom and independence

The fourth stage of the project involved the formulation of policy guidelines for the promotion of free and independent media on the basis of the project’s findings. These address state and non-state actors involved in media policy?making, the European Union and the Council of Europe. Our policy recommendations take the form of a collective policy report and three policy briefs forming part of MEDIADEM’s policy brief series.

- The collective policy report addressing state and non-state actors involved in the design and implementation of media policies supportive of media freedom and independence, the European Union and the Council of Europe  comprises policy papers with recommendations for the promotion of media freedom and independence in the 14 MEDIADEM countries. In addition, it formulates policy recommendations addressing the Council of Europe and the European Union and offers a regulatory matrix that provides an overview of the regulatory systems at work in the 14 countries under study. The collective report is available here (in English). The policy paper concerning the Council of Europe and the European Union including the regulatory matrix is also available individually here.

- The policy papers for the promotion of media freedom and independence in the 14 countries covered by the MEDIADEM project are also available in the official language(s) of the countries concerned. In addition to the recommendations targeting national media policy-makers and other stakeholders, these policy papers include a succinct summary of the project’s recommendations for the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe with a view to encouraging the sharing of results and strengthening communication among national and European policy actors.

Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Belgium (in Dutch);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Belgium (in French);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Bulgaria (in Bulgarian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Croatia (in Croatian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Denmark (in Danish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Estonia (in Estonian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Finland (in Finish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Germany (in German);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Greece (in Greek);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Italy (in Italian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Romania (in Romanian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Slovakia (in Slovakian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Spain (in Spanish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Turkey (in Turkish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in the United Kingdom (in English).

MEDIADEM’s policy brief series comprises:

- The first MEDIADEM policy brief, which contains key observations on how to understand ‘free and independent’ media and puts together broad policy recommendations for their promotion (June 2011). Available in English (also at the Research and Innovation – SSH website of the European Commission) and Greek.

- The second MEDIADEM policy brief, which identifies the main constraints or threats to the operation of free and independent media in the 14 countries under study and makes specific recommendations as to how these concerns might be addressed in practice by the various stakeholders (September 2012). Available here and at the Research and Innovation – SSH website of the European Commission.

- The third MEDIADEM policy brief focuses on the role of the EU and the Council of Europe in supporting media freedom and independence (March 2013). Available here.

Other publications

- Understanding media policies: A European perspective

Edited by E. Psychogiopoulou, the book, entitled ‘Understanding media policies: A European perspective’, inquires into the formulation of contemporary European media policies and the factors and conditions that affect their making. Combining a country-based study in 14 countries with a comparative analysis across various types of media services, the volume explores how media policies are understood, negotiated and applied, testifying to the array of policy approaches and regulatory practices established to govern the media.

Contents:

List of Tables and Figures
Acknowledgements
Notes on Contributors
Recasting the Contours of Media Policy in a Political Context: An Introduction; E. Psychogiopoulou & D. Anagnostou
Media Policy in Belgium: How a Complex Institutional System Deals with Technological Developments; B. Van Besien & P-F. Docquir
Democracy and the Media in Bulgaria: Who Represents the People?; R. Smilova, D. Smilov & G. Ganev
Croatia: A Dynamic Evolvement of Media Policy; P. Bili? & N. Švob-?oki?
Danish Media Policy; H. Søndergaard & R. Helles
Media Policy in Estonia: Small Market Paradoxes; U. Loit & H. Harro-Loit
Finnish Media Policy: Less Restrictive, More Directive; H. Kuutti, E. Lauk, P. Nevalainen & R. Sokka
Media Policy in Germany: Main Features and Current Issues; S. Müller & C. Gusy
The Greek Media Policy Revisited; E. Psychogiopoulou, A. Kandyla & D. Anagnostou
Italian Media Policy Under On-going Transition to Meet the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century; F. Casarosa
Struggling with Media Capture: Romania; A. Mungiu-Pippidi & C. Ghinea
Slovakia: Reinventing Media Policy without a Practical Perspective; A. Školkay & M. Hong
Media Policy in Spain: Public Service, Free Competition and some Internal Diversity; S. de la Sierra, E. Guichot, M. Mantini & I. Sobrino
Turkish Media Policy in National Context; D. Kurban & E. Elmas
Media Policy in the United Kingdom: Trust and Distrust in a Converging Media Environment; R. Craufurd Smith & Y. Stolte
Serving Two Masters: The Roles of the Market and European Politics in the Governance of Media Transformations; K. Sarikakis
References
Index

Endorsements:

‘This very timely, extremely valuable and well-organised collection of informative analyses of media policies in Europe is essential reading for anyone interested in media policy debates, institutional arrangements and regulatory practices within a wide framework of conflicting interests and differing national approaches to communication challenges. Highly commendable!’ – Petros Iosifidis, Director of the MA Media and Communication courses, City University London, UK

‘Understanding Media Policies puts together fascinating evidence of the patchwork of national media policy models in Europe, yet it provides a common background for their comparison. This is a valuable contribution to the growing literature in media policy studies, with compelling descriptions of politics shaping media landscapes’ – Beata Klimkiewicz, The Jagiellonian University, Poland

The following extracts from the editor’s original peer-reviewed and pre-copyedited manuscript can be found here with the permission of Palgrave Macmillan:

  • E. Psychogiopoulou (ed.), ‘Index

The definitive version of these pieces may be found in Understanding media policies edited by E. Psychogiopoulou which can be accessed from www.palgrave.com.

- Media policies revisited. The challenge for media freedom and independence

What are the characteristics that render the media free and independent, and do European media policies develop in ways that promote media freedom and independence? What are the main constraints or threats to the operation of free and independent media, and what are the policy processes, institutional structures, regulatory practices and tools that can help counteract these? MEDIADEM’s second collective volume, entitled ‘Media policies revisited. The challenge for media freedom and independence’ (edited by E. Psychogiopoulou) explores key features of media policies and regulation in fourteen countries, investigating their strengths and weaknesses in the protection of media freedom and the promotion of independent media behaviour.

Contents:

Introduction; Evangelia Psychogiopoulou;

The Emerging Governance Pattern in Media and Communications; Petros Iosifidis
Media Freedom and Independence in Contemporary Democratic Societies; Evangelia Psychogiopoulou

PART I: MEDIA POLICY PROCESSES AND REGULATORY PATTERNS
Media Policy and New Regulatory Systems in Denmark; Henrik Søndergaard and Rasmus Helles
Multi-Level and Interrelated Media Policy Processes in Germany: An Enabling or Constraining Factor for Free and Independent Media?; Sebastian Müller and Christoph Gusy
The ‘Piranha’ Model: Power Plays and Dynamics of Policy-Making Addressing Free and Independent Media in Romania; Ioana Avadani and Cristian Ghinea
The National versus the European: The Croatian Roadmap to Media Freedom and Independence; Nada Švob-?oki? and Paško Bili?

PART II: COURTS
The Role of Courts in Protecting the Freedom of Expression in Italy; Federica Casarosa and Elda Brogi
The Freedom of Expression in the Media and the Slovak Judiciary; Andrej Školkay
Protecting the Public Interest in a Free Press: The Role of Courts and Regulators in the United Kingdom; Yolande Stolte and Rachael Craufurd Smith

PART III: MEDIA FINANCE AND BUSINESS MODELS
Changing Conditions of Competition for Public Service and Commercial Media in Belgium: Implications for Media Independence; Pierre-François Docquir and Bart Van Besien
New Business Models for the Media: The Spanish Case; Juan Luis Manfredi and Juan Pablo Artero
The Media in Bulgaria: Business Enterprises or PR Divisions of Business Groups?; Ruzha Smilova

PART IV: THE JOURNALISTIC PROFESSION
The State of the Journalistic Profession in Turkey; Ceren Sözeri and Dilek Kurban
The Role of Professional Journalism in the ‘Small’ Estonian Democracy; Halliki Harro-Loit and Urmas Loit
Journalists’ Self-Regulation in Greece; Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, Anna Kandyla and Dia Anagnostou
Ethical Demands and Responsibilities in Online Publishing: The Finnish Experience; Epp Lauk and Heikki Kuutti

Conclusion: Towards Media Freedom and Independence; Evangelia Psychogiopoulou

You may order this publication through the website of the publisher Palgrave Macmillan.

- MEDIADEM report on project output and areas for future research

This report seeks to evaluate the lessons learnt from MEDIADEM’s research and to assess the communication strategy employed for the diffusion of project findings to various stakeholders at the national and European levels. On the basis of the research conducted, the report  also considers follow-up research directions in the field of media policy and regulation, and media freedom and independence. The report is available here.

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August 2014 issue of the Research*eu – Results magazine reported on the MEDIADEM project. Published by the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS), ed
 the magazine provides information on research findings from EU- funded research and development projects.  More »

 

MEDIADEM conference in the news: Slovakia

Credits: ax2groin/Creative Commons

The MEDIADEM project aims at combining a strong academic direction with a policy development orientation. It aspires to produce expert scientific results and generate focused, there useful and accessible policy-related output. Project partners are centres with a broad range of educational and research activities, oncology and well-networked with the media sector, phthisiatrician media policy-makers and civil society. This renders the MEDIADEM consortium particularly well-positioned to achieve the widest possible diffusion of project findings and access to key target groups.

The project is designed in such a way, so as to allow the largest number of potential users to be approached. Target audiences per type of project activities are described in detail below.

Project reports and collective publications

  • The academic community, graduate students and those carrying out research in the media field
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations (e.g. viewer and listener organisations, citizens’ associations, other pressure groups)

Mediadem Contributions:

-  A collective report, Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the EU and the Council of Europe.

-  A theoretical report, The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project.

-  14 case study reports, exploring the policy processes and the regulatory tools that have a bearing on the development of free and independent media in:Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, and the UK.

-  A collection of reports which analyse in a comparative fashion the most pertinent questions and key issue areas for media freedom and independence across the MEDIADEM countries. View the collection of reports Media freedom and independence in 14 European countries: A comparative perspective.

-  A comparative  report examining the different forms of media regulation currently in place in the fourteen countries covered by the project with a view to identifying common patterns, best practices and emerging problems. View the report The regulatory quest for free and independent media.

-  An edited volume, entitled ‘Understanding media policies: A European perspective’, which inquires into the formulation of contemporary European media policies and the factors and conditions that affect their making (edited by by E. Psychogiopoulou). The book can be accessed from www.palgrave.com.

Project policy papers and policy briefs

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations

Mediadem Contributions:

-  First MEDIADEM policy brief (available in English and Greek).

Second MEDIADEM policy brief.

-  A collective policy report addressing state and non-state actors involved in the design and implementation of media policies supportive of media freedom and independence, the European Union and the Council of Europe.

- The individual policy papers for the promotion of media freedom and independence in the 14 countries covered by the project are also available in the official language(s) of the countries concerned:

Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Belgium (in Dutch);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Belgium (in French);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Bulgaria (in Bulgarian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Croatia (in Croatian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Denmark (in Danish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Estonia (in Estonian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Finland (in Finish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Germany (in German);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Greece (in Greek);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Italy (in Italian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Romania (in Romanian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Slovakia (in Slovakian);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Spain (in Spanish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Turkey (in Turkish);
Policy suggestions for free and independent media in the United Kingdom (in English).

Project events

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations
  • The academic community and those carrying out research in the media field

Mediadem Contributions

MEDIADEM final European conference in Brussels (7 February 2013)

Workshop ‘Devolution & independence – The future of the media in Scotland’ (Edinburgh, 7 January 2013)

What policies for free and independent media in Bulgaria? (Sofia, 14 December 2012)

MEDIADEM panel at the ‘Speaking is silver’ conference (Hanasaari, 13-14 December 2012)

Conference ‘Freedom and independence in the Italian media system’ (Florence, 13 December 2012)

-  National expert roundtable on media policy in Slovakia (Bratislava, 12 December 2012)

Workshop on ‘Media freedom and independence in Greece: Assessment and recommendations for policy’ (Athens, 11 December 2012)

-   Seminar ‘Policy suggestions for free and independent media in Belgium’ (Brussels, 10 December 2012)

Conference ‘Media policy: news journalism & media competency – how can the watchdog be nourished?’ (Tartu, 7 December 2012)

Conference on ‘Media in transition – Answers from media policy?’ (Copenhagen, 6 December 2012)

Presentation of MEDIADEM findings in Zagreb (Zagreb, 5 December 2012)

-  Policies for free and independent media in Romania (Bucharest, 26 November 2012)

Workshop on policy suggestions for free and independent media in Spain (Madrid, 23 November 2012)

Conference on media freedom in Turkey (Istanbul, 23 November 2012)

- MDCEE and MEDIADEM Projects (Oxford, 15 November 2012)

- Interconnected subjects – Interconnected public. The Internet as a platform for a European societal consciousness (Berlin, 9-10 November 2012)

The politics of media policy in Europe (Istanbul, 24-27 October 2012)

Conference on ‘New television screens, new regulation’ (Brussels, 5-6 July 2012)

Seminar on ‘Journalists’ professional autonomy and journalism ethics’ (Jyväskylä, 14 June 2012)

Working seminar on ‘Media policy recommendations for the development of free and independent media in Slovakia’ (Bratislava, 7 June 2012)

MEDIADEM panel at the 2012 Halki International Seminar (Halki, 7-10 June 2012)

Discussion group on ‘Media policy: suggestions and recommendations for the development of free and independent media in Croatia’ (Zagreb, 18 April 2012)

ELIAMEP research seminar on ‘The media in Greece: Current issues and future challenges’ (Athens, 6 April 2012)

- Conference ‘New media, old values? Media freedom and independence in the era of convergence’ (Edinburgh, 9 December 2011)

Workshop on ‘The Internet: Between cultural value and economic good. An uncharted legal terrain or do we need a differentiated concept of regulation? (Berlin, 22-23 September 2011)

Workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’ (Athens, 30 June 2011)

Seminar on ‘regulation, co-regulation, self-regulation and the social responsibility of audiovisual media’ (Barcelona, 20 June 2011)

Workshop on ‘The Italian media system’ (Florence, 25 March 2011)

Workshop on ‘Government and the internet’ (Florence, 8-9 March 2011)

Workshop on ‘Greek media policy’ (Athens, 3 March 2011)

- Workshop on ‘Media policies: Country practices within the EU media regulatory framework’ (Zagreb, 10 December 2010)

Workshop on the influence of the internet on the media (Brussels, 29 November 2010)

-  Workshop on ‘European policy for free and independent media systems: Current issues for regulation’ (Florence, 4 November 2010)

Other project material

  • All key target groups

Mediadem Contributions:

-       The MEDIADEM flyer in Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Romanian, Slovakian, Spanish and Turkish

-       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

-       News for the media

-       Views and commentary

The third MEDIADEM policy brief is devoted to the role of the EU and the Council of Europe in supporting media freedom and independence. Drawing on the research that was carried out throughout the duration of the MEDIADEM project, unhealthy
this policy brief provides a succinct overview of key areas of concern in relation to the development of policies that create an enabling environment for media freedom and independence, more info
identifying key pressures on the operation of free and independent media. More »

 

MEDIADEM workshop in the news: Greece

The Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) and the MEDIADEM project organised a workshop in order to present the project’s research findings and discuss its policy suggestions for the development of free and independent media in Greece with various stakeholders. The workshop took place on 11 December 2012 at the Athens Chamber of Small & Medium Sized Industries.

The first panel was about the MEDIADEM project. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, website
research fellow at ELIAMEP, pharmacy
introduced participants to buy information pills
objectives and progress, and provided an overview of the main constraints and threats to the operation of free and independent media in the 14 countries studied by the project. Anna Kandyla, research assistant at ELIAMEP, subsequently took the floor to discuss key project findings concerning media freedom and independence in Greece and to present a set of policy recommendations for their promotion. In this context, particular attention was afforded to the failure of the Greek model of media policy-making to support the development of free and independent media. The lack of genuine regulatory independence, the consolidation of media outlets in the hands of few proprietors, the marginalisation of public service broadcasting and the absence of journalistic professionalism were also identified as undermining the media’s ability to perform as independent agents of information in a democratic society. Four broad areas were generally considered to require substantive consideration: improving the policy-making process; mitigating political influence and undue private power; maintaining a fair balance between public service and commercial media; and supporting quality journalism and media literacy.

Alexandros Economou, lawyer at the Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRT), discussed the project’s findings, placing due emphasis on the need to regulate the prompt migration to digital terrestrial television and to ensure the independence of the NCRT. Paschos Mandravelis, journalist, also commented on the project’s output, noting, among others, that while state intervention in the audiovisual sector is justified, regulation for the print press and new information services online should be minimal. He also highlighted the importance of self-regulation in promoting journalists’ independence.

The second part of the workshop was devoted to two expert roundtables. Roundtable one focused on ‘Institutional guarantees and policy strategies supportive of media freedom and independence’. Ioannis Panagiotopoulos, Secretary General of Mass Media, talked about forthcoming regulatory developments in relation to digital terrestrial television and the adjustment of the print media and their professionals to the online environment. Lina Alexiou, vice-chairperson of the NCRT, highlighted the importance of strengthening the independence of the NCRT and upgrading its competences for the promotion of media independence in Greece. Prof. Christos Rozakis, president of the Administrative Tribunal of the Council of Europe, discussed the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights concerning the protection of free speech. Athanasios Tsevas, assistant professor at the University of Athens, then highlighted the legal rules and regulatory measures in need to ensure pluralism in the media market and safeguard the independence of public service media.

Roundtable two was dedicated to ‘Journalists’ self-regulation and media literacy’. Irene Andriopoulou, media literacy consultant, proposed specific actions supportive of media literacy and education in Greece. Giannis Kotsifos, executive director of the Journalists’ Union of Macedonia and Thrace Daily Newspapers, reflected on the contribution of journalists’ training to journalistic work and output and the role of journalists’ unions in promoting ethical journalistic practices. Kostas Spiropoulos, general manager for ERT S.A.-Television, focused on the importance of impartiality and accuracy on reporting. Mariniki Alevizopoulou, journalist, noted that the Greek media generally refrain from investigative and facts reporting, stressing that journalistic analyses serve the interests of the media owners rather than those of the public at large. Finally, Vasilis Sotiropoulos, City of Athens Ombudsman, talked about co-regulatory structures in journalism.

 The agenda of the workshop is available in Greek and English.

For more information you may contact Anna Kandyla.

The Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) and the MEDIADEM project organised a workshop in order to present the project’s research findings and discuss its policy suggestions for the development of free and independent media in Greece with various stakeholders. The workshop took place on 11 December 2012 at the Athens Chamber of Small & Medium Sized Industries. More »

 

First MEDIADEM policy brief on SCOOP news alert service

The Belgian MEDIADEM team and the Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel organised an international conference on ‘New television screens, opisthorchiasis new regulation’ on 5-6 July 2012, case  at the prestigious Palais des Académies, in Brussels, Belgium. More »

 

MEDIADEM in the news: Finland

The University of Jyväskylä, tadalafil
Department of Communication, see in co-operation with the Union of Journalists in Finland and the Federation of the Finnish Media Industry, organised a seminar on ‘Journalists’ professional autonomy and journalism ethics’ under the frame of the MEDIADEM project. The seminar, which took place on 14 June 2012 in the premises of the University of Jyväskylä in Jyväskylä, Finland, served to explore current practices of journalists’ self regulation and their contribution to journalists’ ethical performance. The conference was opened by Heikki Kuutti, leader of the Finnish MEDIADEM team, University of Jyväskylä, who chaired the panels during the day. More »

 

MEDIADEM in the news: Croatia

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Guichot, Emilio (ed.) (2011): Derecho de la Comunicación. Madrid: Iustel

Gusy, Christoph (2008): Pressefreiheit contra Republikschutz (Freedom of the Press versus Protection of the Republic)? In Kohl, Neschwara & Simon (eds), Festschrift für Wilhelm Brauneder zum 65. Geburtstag. Wien

Gusy, Christoph & Haupt, Heinz-Gerhard (eds) (2005): Inklusion und Partizipation – Politische Kommunikation im Historischen Wandel (Inclusion and Participation – Political Communication in its Historical Change). Frankfurt/Main

Lauk, Epp (2009):  Reflections on Changing Patterns of Journalism in the New EU Countries. Journalism Studies 10 (1), 69 – 84

Linde Paniagua, E., Vidal Beltrán, J.M., Medina González, S. (2011): Derecho Audiovisual. Madrid: Editorial Colex

Lauk, Epp (2008): How Will it All Unfold? Media Systems and Journalism Cultures in Post-Communist Countries. In Jakubowicz, K. & Sükösd, M (eds): Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in Global Perspective. London: Intellect Books

Mazziotti, Giuseppe (2009): Italy. In Long, C. (ed.): Global Telecommunications Law and Practice. Sweet and Maxwell: London

Mazziotti, Giuseppe (2008): EU Digital Copyright Law and the End-User. Springer Verlag: Berlin

Mungiu-Pippidi, Alina (2002): From State to Public Service: The Failed Reform of State Television in Central Eastern Europe. In Sükösd, M. & Bajomi-Lázár, P. (eds): Reinventing Media: Media Policy Reform in East Central Europe. Budapest: CEU Press

Ondruchova, Maria (2007): Wahlkampf global (Global Election Campaigns). In Politik und Kommunikation

Peruško, Zrinjka. & Popovi?, Helena (2008): Media Concentration Trends in Central and Eastern Europe. In Jakubowicz, K. & Sukosd, M. (eds): Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in Global Perspective. Intellect Books: Bristol

Peruško, Zrinjka. & Popovi?, Helena (2008): From Transmission to the Public Good: Media Policy for the Digital Age in Croatia. In: Sukosd, M. & Isanovi?, A. (eds) Public Service Television in the Digital Age: Strategies and Opportunities in Five South-East European Countries.  Mediacentar: Sarajevo

Primorac, Jaka and Jurlin, Kreiimir (2008): Access, Piracy and Culture: The Implications of Digitalization in Southeastern Europe. In: Uzelac, A. & Cvjeti?anin, B. (eds): Digital Culture: The Changing Dynamics, Culturelink Joint Publication Series. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations

Popovi?, Helena & Hromadži?, Hajrudin (2008): Media Users: From Readership to Co-Creators. In Uzelac, A. & Cvjeticanin, B. (eds): The Changing Dynamics, Culturelink Joint Publication Series. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2012): State aids to the press: The EU’s perspective’. European State Aid Law Quarterly (1), 57-71

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2010): The ‘Cultural’ Criterion in the European Commission’s Assessment of State-Aids to the Audio-Visual Sector. Legal Issues of Economic Integration (37), 273-91

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2011): Hof van Justitie van de EU, 22 September 2011, zaken C-244/10 en C-245/10, Mesopotamia Broadcast A/S METV en Roj TV A/A tegen Duitsland, Noot (Case note in English). European Human Rights Cases 12 (12-17 December), 1857-1869

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2008): The Integration of Cultural Considerations in EU Law and Policies. Martinus NIjhoff Publishers: Brill

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2006): EC State Aid Control and Cultural Justifications. Legal Issues of Economic Integration 33 (1), 3-38

Rorive, Isabelle & Frydman, Benoît (2002): Regulating Internet Content through Intermediaries in Europe and the USA. Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie. Max Planck Institute

Rorive, Isabelle (2003): Strategies to Tackle Racism and Xenophobia on the Internet – Where are We in Europe? International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, 7. Available at: http://www.ijclp.net/ijclp_web-doc_8-7-2003.html

Schlesinger, Philip (2009): Cultural and Communications Policy and the Stateless Nation. Catalan Journal of Communication & Cultural Studies 1(1), 9-14

Schlesinger, Philip (2009): Creativity and the Experts: New Labour, Think Tanks and the Policy Process’. International Journal of Press Politics 14(3), 3-20

Schlesinger, Philip (2007): La Nación y Espacio Comunicativo. In Lila Luchessi & María Graciela Rodriguez (eds): Fronteras Globales: Cultura, Política y Medios de Comunicacíon. Buenos Aires: La Crujía

Schlesinger, Philip (1991): Media, State and Nation. London: Sage

Schulz, Wolfgang (2009): The Legal Framework for Public Service Broadcasting after the German State Aid Case: Procrustean Bed or Hammock? Journal of Media Law 1 (2), 219-241

Schulz, Wolfgang (2008): Kommentierung zu Art. 10 EMRK und Art. 5 GG. In Berlit W, Meyer C and Paschke M (eds.): Hamburger Kommentar zum gesamten Medienrecht. Baden-Baden

Schulz, Wolfgang (2008): Medienkonvergenz light – Zur neuen Europäischen Richtlinie über audiovisuelle Mediendienste [Media Convergence Light – on the New European Directives on Audiovisual Media Services]. EuZW

Schulz, Wolfgang, Held, Thorsten & Laudien, Arne (2005): Suchmaschinen als Gatekeeper in der öffentlichen Kommunikation. Berlin

Schulz, Wolfgang & Held, Thorsten (2004): Regulated Self-regulation as a Form of Modern Government. An Analysis of Case Studies from Media and Telecommunications Law. Eastleigh

Schulz, Wolfgang & Ziewitz, Malte (2004): Extending the Access Obligation to EPGs and Service Platforms? In Closs, W. & Nikolzchev S. (eds): Regulating Access to Digital Television. Strasbourg

Schulz, Wolfgang (2003): Aufmerksamkeit für die “Res Publica” im Zeitalter der Vernetzung: vom Leitbild der integrativen Gesamtöffentlichkeit zur Koordination situativer Themenöffentlichkeiten. In Ladeur K.-H. (Ed): Innovationsoffene Regulierung des Internet: Neues Recht für Kommunikationsnetzwerke. Baden-Baden

Schulz, Wolfgang, Held, Thorsten & Kops, Manfred (2001): Von der dualen Rundfunkordnung zur dienstespezifisch diversifizierten Informationsordnung? Baden-Baden

Skolkay, Andrej (2010): Media Law in Slovakia. Kluwer Publishers

Skolkay Andrej (2009): Media and Globalisation. Bratislava: School of Communication and Media

Stolte, Yolande (2005): Preserving and Promoting Media Pluralism and Diversity in Europe: The Role of the European Union. In Brogi, E., Vodinelic, V. and Gajin, S. (eds): Developing a Harmonized Information and Communication Law in Europe. Centre for Advanced Legal Studies: Belgrade

Švob-?oki?, Nada et al. (2008): Kultura Zaborava. Industrijalizacija Kulturnih Djelatnosti (The Culture of Oblivion. The Industrialization of Culture). Zagreb: Naklada Jesenski-Turk

Švob-?oki?, Nada (ed.) (2004): Cultural Transitions in South-Eastern Europe. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations

A number of Croatian web portals have reported on the Croatian case study findings and have provided information on the MEDIADEM project. More »

 

MEDIADEM workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’ in the news: Spain

Credits: yuheitomi/Creative Commons

Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, phimosis the European Union and the Council of Europe

A comprehensive collective report discussing media policy and regulation in 14 European countries was produced in the context of the MEDIADEM project. The report discusses the configuration of the media landscape in the countries under study, explores the main regulatory instruments used to govern the media, and assesses the implications of the policies conducted for democratic politics.

The report also contains an analysis of the media-related activities of the European Union and the Council of Europe, focusing on the interventions that are relevant for the protection and promotion of media freedom and independence.

You may download the collective report here. Individual chapters are also available in pdf format (Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, the UK, EU/CoE).

The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project

A theoretical report clarifying basic concepts and analytical issues upon which MEDIADEM research is based and pursued was produced. The report conceptualises media policy in an increasingly converged and integrated media environment, and discusses its relationship to democracy, as well as its nature, scope, making and implementation. The report further explores the concept of media freedom and independence, which is identified as a distinct area for the study of media policy, and examines present practice and potential of regulation in the field. The report is available here.

Key observations on how to understand ‘free and independent’ media can also be found at the first MEDIADEM policy brief (available in English and Greek), which also provides policy recommendations for their promotion.

Universia, medicine a webpage on news about university issues in Spain, resuscitator
reported on the workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’, medical which was held on 30 June 2011 in Athens. More »

 

MEDIADEM workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’ in the Greek press

The Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) & the Association of European Journalists (AEJ) – Greek Section organised a workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’. The workshop took place on 30 June 2011 at the central building of the University of Athens, sickness
Greece. It was held under the framework of the MEDIADEM project and served to explore various national regulatory practices in the field of the media and their effects on independent media behaviour.

The first session of the workshop ‘Structural regulation: Current policy debates for media freedom and independence’ started with a presentation of the legal issues surrounding digital terrestrial television in Greece by Evangelia Psychogiopoulou. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, addressed the complexities and shortcomings of the legal framework, highlighting that the lack of strategic planning, coordination and supervision on behalf of the state has not only created market uncertainties but also favoured market foreclosure, with serious implications for democratic politics. Pierre-François Docquir, Senior Researcher at Université Libre de Bruxelles, then took the floor to present the rules and funding schemes that aim to guarantee a plurality of media services in Belgium. His analysis centred on the degree to which the effectiveness of those mechanisms is challenged by the development of new media services (as defined under the EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive) and the Internet. Rachael Craufurd Smith, Senior Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh, discussed the development of a media plurality test in the UK that sits alongside the competition rules and, in particular, its application regarding the proposed NewsCorp purchase of remaining shares in the satellite broadcaster BSkyB.

The second session focused on news media content regulation and media freedom and independence. Member of the Icelandic Parliament and Chair for the International Modern Media Institute, Birgitta Jónsdóttir talked about the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (IMMI), a catch-all freedom of expression law-based project that aims to make Iceland a global safe haven for investigative journalism in the digital era. Birgitta Jónsdóttir explained that the IMMI is based on extensive research on the best legal practices for the promotion of freedom of the press and information from around the world and stressed the significance of whistleblower protection and transparency laws. The presentation of William Horsley, Media Freedom Representative of the Association of European Journalists, dealt with the many-sided implications of Wikileaks on media law and journalists’ ethics, focusing particularly on issues of internet governance and the conflict between privacy/secrecy on the one hand and the need for information on the other. The discussion continued with Susanna de la Sierra, Professor at the University of Castilla-La Mancha, who elaborated on recent developments regarding practices of journalists’ self-regulation in the print and audiovisual media in Spain. She noted that strategies of self-regulation in the field are quite promising, yet there is still ambiguity on their type and scope. The session ended with the presentation of Dilek Kurban, Director of the Democratization Program at Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation. Dilek Kurban provided an overview of the evolving media content regulation in Turkey, with a focus on the tension between criminal laws regulating anti-terrorism and freedom of expression. The reforms in the national legal framework for the media, introduced as part of the country’s EU harmonisation process, were also analysed in detail.

The third session explored aspects of public service media freedom and independence. Henrik Søndergaard, Associate Professor at the University of Copenhagen, talked about the unfulfilled privatisation of the public channel TV2 in Denmark. He argued that one of the lessons learnt from the conflicts between the European Commission and the Danish state about the funding of TV2 is that the state for quite a long time failed to realise the importance of adjusting to EU state aid regulation. Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Professor at Hertie School of Governance, discussed public service broadcasting (PSB) in Eastern Europe, noting that the variation across cases of government behaviour towards PSB can be attributed to the varying degrees of political clientelism. On his part, Sebastian Müller, Researcher at the University of Bielefeld, elaborated on the principle of PSB state independence in Germany. He highlighted that the principle is generally respected, yet noted that there is room for improvement through, for example, the re-evaluation of the composition of the broadcasting councils, so as to include relevant societal groups (such as migrant organisations).

The final session was devoted to the practices of Greek media regulatory authorities. Alexandros Oikonomou, Lawyer at the National Council for Radio and Television (NCRT), discussed the role and functions of the Greek National Council for Radio and Television, arguing that the state should recognise the need for granting the Council with substantial regulatory autonomy. Pantelis Borovas, Head of the Media Sector Unit of the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC), presented the role and practice of the HCC regarding the support of pluralism in the media sector, highlighting some of the principal constraints that the HCC faces in this respect. Aggelos Syrigos, Assistant Professor at Panteion University and Vice President for the Sector of Electronic Communications of the National Telecommunications and Post Commission (NTTC), then focused on the role and competences of the NTTC in regulating the media sector, with due emphasis on the transition to digital terrestrial broadcasting.

The speakers’ presentations were commented by Dia Anagnostou, Senior Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, Spyridoula Kalogirou, Head of the Legal Department at the Hellenic Audiovisual Institute, and Dimitris Charalambis, Professor at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. In the substantive discussions that followed speakers and participants exchanged views on the challenges that media freedom and independence faces in the increasingly converged media environment as well as due to the concentration trends that have spread rapidly throughout the sector.

The agenda of the workshop is available here.

For more information on the workshop you may contact Anna Kandyla.

The Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) & the Association of European Journalists (AEJ) – Greek Section organised a workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’. The workshop took place on 30 June 2011 at the central building of the University of Athens, malady
Greece. It was held under the framework of the MEDIADEM project and served to explore various national regulatory practices in the field of the media and their effects on independent media behaviour.

The first session of the workshop ‘Structural regulation: Current policy debates for media freedom and independence’ started with a presentation of the legal issues surrounding digital terrestrial television in Greece by Evangelia Psychogiopoulou. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, drugstore
Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, addressed the complexities and shortcomings of the legal framework, highlighting that the lack of strategic planning, coordination and supervision on behalf of the state has not only created market uncertainties but also favoured market foreclosure, with serious implications for democratic politics. Pierre-François Docquir, Senior Researcher at Université Libre de Bruxelles, then took the floor to present the rules and funding schemes that aim to guarantee a plurality of media services in Belgium. His analysis centred on the degree to which the effectiveness of those mechanisms is challenged by the development of new media services (as defined under the EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive) and the Internet. Rachael Craufurd Smith, Senior Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh, discussed the development of a media plurality test in the UK that sits alongside the competition rules and, in particular, its application regarding the proposed NewsCorp purchase of remaining shares in the satellite broadcaster BSkyB.

The second session focused on news media content regulation and media freedom and independence. Member of the Icelandic Parliament and Chair for the International Modern Media Institute, Birgitta Jónsdóttir talked about the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (IMMI), a catch-all freedom of expression law-based project that aims to make Iceland a global safe haven for investigative journalism in the digital era. Birgitta Jónsdóttir explained that the IMMI is based on extensive research on the best legal practices for the promotion of freedom of the press and information from around the world and stressed the significance of whistleblower protection and transparency laws. The presentation of William Horsley, Media Freedom Representative of the Association of European Journalists, dealt with the many-sided implications of Wikileaks on media law and journalists’ ethics, focusing particularly on issues of internet governance and the conflict between privacy/secrecy on the one hand and the need for information on the other. The discussion continued with Susanna de la Sierra, Professor at the University of Castilla-La Mancha, who elaborated on recent developments regarding practices of journalists’ self-regulation in the print and audiovisual media in Spain. She noted that strategies of self-regulation in the field are quite promising, yet there is still ambiguity on their type and scope. The session ended with the presentation of Dilek Kurban, Director of the Democratization Program at Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation. Dilek Kurban provided an overview of the evolving media content regulation in Turkey, with a focus on the tension between criminal laws regulating anti-terrorism and freedom of expression. The reforms in the national legal framework for the media, introduced as part of the country’s EU harmonisation process, were also analysed in detail.

The third session explored aspects of public service media freedom and independence. Henrik Søndergaard, Associate Professor at the University of Copenhagen, talked about the unfulfilled privatisation of the public channel TV2 in Denmark. He argued that one of the lessons learnt from the conflicts between the European Commission and the Danish state about the funding of TV2 is that the state for quite a long time failed to realise the importance of adjusting to EU state aid regulation. Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Professor at Hertie School of Governance, discussed public service broadcasting (PSB) in Eastern Europe, noting that the variation across cases of government behaviour towards PSB can be attributed to the varying degrees of political clientelism. On his part, Sebastian Müller, Researcher at the University of Bielefeld, elaborated on the principle of PSB state independence in Germany. He highlighted that the principle is generally respected, yet noted that there is room for improvement through, for example, the re-evaluation of the composition of the broadcasting councils, so as to include relevant societal groups (such as migrant organisations).

The final session was devoted to the practices of Greek media regulatory authorities. Alexandros Oikonomou, Lawyer at the National Council for Radio and Television (NCRT), discussed the role and functions of the Greek National Council for Radio and Television, arguing that the state should recognise the need for granting the Council with substantial regulatory autonomy. Pantelis Borovas, Head of the Media Sector Unit of the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC), presented the role and practice of the HCC regarding the support of pluralism in the media sector, highlighting some of the principal constraints that the HCC faces in this respect. Aggelos Syrigos, Assistant Professor at Panteion University and Vice President for the Sector of Electronic Communications of the National Telecommunications and Post Commission (NTTC), then focused on the role and competences of the NTTC in regulating the media sector, with due emphasis on the transition to digital terrestrial broadcasting.

The speakers’ presentations were commented by Dia Anagnostou, Senior Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, Spyridoula Kalogirou, Head of the Legal Department at the Hellenic Audiovisual Institute, and Dimitris Charalambis, Professor at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. In the substantive discussions that followed speakers and participants exchanged views on the challenges that media freedom and independence faces in the increasingly converged media environment as well as due to the concentration trends that have spread rapidly throughout the sector.

The agenda of the workshop is available here.

For more information on the workshop you may contact Anna Kandyla.

The Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) & the Association of European Journalists (AEJ) – Greek Section organised a workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’. The workshop took place on 30 June 2011 at the central building of the University of Athens, look
Greece. It was held under the framework of the MEDIADEM project and served to explore various national regulatory practices in the field of the media and their effects on independent media behaviour.

The first session of the workshop ‘Structural regulation: Current policy debates for media freedom and independence’ started with a presentation of the legal issues surrounding digital terrestrial television in Greece by Evangelia Psychogiopoulou. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, addressed the complexities and shortcomings of the legal framework, highlighting that the lack of strategic planning, coordination and supervision on behalf of the state has not only created market uncertainties but also favoured market foreclosure, with serious implications for democratic politics. Pierre-François Docquir, Senior Researcher at Université Libre de Bruxelles, then took the floor to present the rules and funding schemes that aim to guarantee a plurality of media services in Belgium. His analysis centred on the degree to which the effectiveness of those mechanisms is challenged by the development of new media services (as defined under the EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive) and the Internet. Rachael Craufurd Smith, Senior Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh, discussed the development of a media plurality test in the UK that sits alongside the competition rules and, in particular, its application regarding the proposed NewsCorp purchase of remaining shares in the satellite broadcaster BSkyB.

The second session focused on news media content regulation and media freedom and independence. Member of the Icelandic Parliament and Chair for the International Modern Media Institute, Birgitta Jónsdóttir talked about the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (IMMI), a catch-all freedom of expression law-based project that aims to make Iceland a global safe haven for investigative journalism in the digital era. Birgitta Jónsdóttir explained that the IMMI is based on extensive research on the best legal practices for the promotion of freedom of the press and information from around the world and stressed the significance of whistleblower protection and transparency laws. The presentation of William Horsley, Media Freedom Representative of the Association of European Journalists, dealt with the many-sided implications of Wikileaks on media law and journalists’ ethics, focusing particularly on issues of internet governance and the conflict between privacy/secrecy on the one hand and the need for information on the other. The discussion continued with Susanna de la Sierra, Professor at the University of Castilla-La Mancha, who elaborated on recent developments regarding practices of journalists’ self-regulation in the print and audiovisual media in Spain. She noted that strategies of self-regulation in the field are quite promising, yet there is still ambiguity on their type and scope. The session ended with the presentation of Dilek Kurban, Director of the Democratization Program at Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation. Dilek Kurban provided an overview of the evolving media content regulation in Turkey, with a focus on the tension between criminal laws regulating anti-terrorism and freedom of expression. The reforms in the national legal framework for the media, introduced as part of the country’s EU harmonisation process, were also analysed in detail.

The third session explored aspects of public service media freedom and independence. Henrik Søndergaard, Associate Professor at the University of Copenhagen, talked about the unfulfilled privatisation of the public channel TV2 in Denmark. He argued that one of the lessons learnt from the conflicts between the European Commission and the Danish state about the funding of TV2 is that the state for quite a long time failed to realise the importance of adjusting to EU state aid regulation. Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Professor at Hertie School of Governance, discussed public service broadcasting (PSB) in Eastern Europe, noting that the variation across cases of government behaviour towards PSB can be attributed to the varying degrees of political clientelism. On his part, Sebastian Müller, Researcher at the University of Bielefeld, elaborated on the principle of PSB state independence in Germany. He highlighted that the principle is generally respected, yet noted that there is room for improvement through, for example, the re-evaluation of the composition of the broadcasting councils, so as to include relevant societal groups (such as migrant organisations).

The final session was devoted to the practices of Greek media regulatory authorities. Alexandros Oikonomou, Lawyer at the National Council for Radio and Television (NCRT), discussed the role and functions of the Greek National Council for Radio and Television, arguing that the state should recognise the need for granting the Council with substantial regulatory autonomy. Pantelis Borovas, Head of the Media Sector Unit of the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC), presented the role and practice of the HCC regarding the support of pluralism in the media sector, highlighting some of the principal constraints that the HCC faces in this respect. Aggelos Syrigos, Assistant Professor at Panteion University and Vice President for the Sector of Electronic Communications of the National Telecommunications and Post Commission (NTTC), then focused on the role and competences of the NTTC in regulating the media sector, with due emphasis on the transition to digital terrestrial broadcasting.

The speakers’ presentations were commented by Dia Anagnostou, Senior Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, Spyridoula Kalogirou, Head of the Legal Department at the Hellenic Audiovisual Institute, and Dimitris Charalambis, Professor at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. In the substantive discussions that followed speakers and participants exchanged views on the challenges that media freedom and independence faces in the increasingly converged media environment as well as due to the concentration trends that have spread rapidly throughout the sector.

The agenda of the workshop is available here.

For more information on the workshop you may contact Anna Kandyla.

The Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) & the Association of European Journalists (AEJ) – Greek Section organised a workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’. The workshop took place on 30 June 2011 at the central building of the University of Athens, site
Greece. It was held under the framework of the MEDIADEM project and served to explore various national regulatory practices in the field of the media and their effects on independent media behaviour.

The first session of the workshop ‘Structural regulation: Current policy debates for media freedom and independence’ started with a presentation of the legal issues surrounding digital terrestrial television in Greece by Evangelia Psychogiopoulou. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, addressed the complexities and shortcomings of the legal framework, highlighting that the lack of strategic planning, coordination and supervision on behalf of the state has not only created market uncertainties but also favoured market foreclosure, with serious implications for democratic politics. Pierre-François Docquir, Senior Researcher at Université Libre de Bruxelles, then took the floor to present the rules and funding schemes that aim to guarantee a plurality of media services in Belgium. His analysis centred on the degree to which the effectiveness of those mechanisms is challenged by the development of new media services (as defined under the EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive) and the Internet. Rachael Craufurd Smith, Senior Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh, discussed the development of a media plurality test in the UK that sits alongside the competition rules and, in particular, its application regarding the proposed NewsCorp purchase of remaining shares in the satellite broadcaster BSkyB.

The second session focused on news media content regulation and media freedom and independence. Member of the Icelandic Parliament and Chair for the International Modern Media Institute, Birgitta Jónsdóttir talked about the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (IMMI), a catch-all freedom of expression law-based project that aims to make Iceland a global safe haven for investigative journalism in the digital era. Birgitta Jónsdóttir explained that the IMMI is based on extensive research on the best legal practices for the promotion of freedom of the press and information from around the world and stressed the significance of whistleblower protection and transparency laws. The presentation of William Horsley, Media Freedom Representative of the Association of European Journalists, dealt with the many-sided implications of Wikileaks on media law and journalists’ ethics, focusing particularly on issues of internet governance and the conflict between privacy/secrecy on the one hand and the need for information on the other. The discussion continued with Susanna de la Sierra, Professor at the University of Castilla-La Mancha, who elaborated on recent developments regarding practices of journalists’ self-regulation in the print and audiovisual media in Spain. She noted that strategies of self-regulation in the field are quite promising, yet there is still ambiguity on their type and scope. The session ended with the presentation of Dilek Kurban, Director of the Democratization Program at Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation. Dilek Kurban provided an overview of the evolving media content regulation in Turkey, with a focus on the tension between criminal laws regulating anti-terrorism and freedom of expression. The reforms in the national legal framework for the media, introduced as part of the country’s EU harmonisation process, were also analysed in detail.

The third session explored aspects of public service media freedom and independence. Henrik Søndergaard, Associate Professor at the University of Copenhagen, talked about the unfulfilled privatisation of the public channel TV2 in Denmark. He argued that one of the lessons learnt from the conflicts between the European Commission and the Danish state about the funding of TV2 is that the state for quite a long time failed to realise the importance of adjusting to EU state aid regulation. Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Professor at Hertie School of Governance, discussed public service broadcasting (PSB) in Eastern Europe, noting that the variation across cases of government behaviour towards PSB can be attributed to the varying degrees of political clientelism. On his part, Sebastian Müller, Researcher at the University of Bielefeld, elaborated on the principle of PSB state independence in Germany. He highlighted that the principle is generally respected, yet noted that there is room for improvement through, for example, the re-evaluation of the composition of the broadcasting councils, so as to include relevant societal groups (such as migrant organisations).

The final session was devoted to the practices of the Greek media regulatory authorities. Alexandros Oikonomou, Lawyer at the National Council for Radio and Television (NCRT), discussed the role and functions of the Greek National Council for Radio and Television, arguing that the state should recognise the need for granting the Council with substantial regulatory autonomy. Pantelis Borovas, Head of the Media Sector Unit of the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC), presented the role and practice of the HCC regarding the support of pluralism in the media sector, highlighting some of the principal constraints that the HCC faces in this respect. Aggelos Syrigos, Assistant Professor at Panteion University and Vice President for the Sector of Electronic Communications of the National Telecommunications and Post Commission (NTTC), then focused on the role and competences of the NTTC in regulating the media sector, with due emphasis on the transition to digital terrestrial broadcasting.

The speakers’ presentations were commented by Dia Anagnostou, Senior Research Fellow at ELIAMEP, Spyridoula Kalogirou, Head of the Legal Department at the Hellenic Audiovisual Institute, and Dimitris Charalambis, Professor at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. In the substantive discussions that followed speakers and participants exchanged views on the challenges that media freedom and independence faces in the increasingly converged media environment as well as due to the concentration trends that have spread rapidly throughout the sector.

The agenda of the workshop is available here.

For more information on the workshop you may contact Anna Kandyla.

The Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) & the Association of European Journalists (AEJ) – Greek Section organised a workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’. The workshop took place on 30 June 2011 at the central building of the University of Athens, pilule
Greece. It was held under the framework of the MEDIADEM project and served to explore various national regulatory practices in the field of the media and their effects on independent media behaviour. More »

 

MEDIADEM in the Spanish Press

The Hellenic Foundation of European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) is organising a workshop to discuss the evolution of Greek media policy and its principal features and characteristics. The workshop will also look at the major shortcomings of national media policy and the principal challenges that it presently faces. The workshop will take place on 3 March 2011 at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, abortion
49 Vas. Sofias Avenue, there
Athens, Greece. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, the scientist in charge of the Greek team of the MEDIADEM project will present the Greek background information report and will lead the discussion with researchers and journalists.

The Hellenic Foundation of European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) is organising a workshop to discuss the evolution of Greek media policy and its principal features and characteristics. The workshop will also look at the major shortcomings of national media policy and the principal challenges that it presently faces. The workshop will take place on 3 March 2011 at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, urticaria
49 Vas. Sofias Avenue, check
Athens, Greece. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, the scientist in charge of the Greek team of the MEDIADEM project will present the Greek background information report and will lead the discussion with researchers and journalists.

The Hellenic Foundation of European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) is organising a workshop to discuss the evolution of Greek media policy and its principal features and characteristics. The workshop will also look at the major shortcomings of national media policy and the principal challenges that it presently faces. The workshop will take place on 3 March 2011 at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, discount
49 Vas. Sofias Avenue, visit web
Athens, link
Greece. Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, the scientist in charge of the Greek team of the MEDIADEM project will present the Greek background information report and will lead the discussion with researchers and journalists.

Diario de Castilla La Mancha, more info
a Spanish regional newspaper, reported on the MEDIADEM project. The article refers to Dr. Susana de la Sierra, the coordinator of the MEDIADEM Spanish team, and her recent visit to the Siberian Federal University in Krasnoyarsk, Russia. Dr. de la Sierra gave an introductory course on EU law and presented some of the main debates concerning media and democracy in the European Union. More »

 

MEDIADEM findings in the Romanian press

Credits: ax2groin/Creative Commons

The MEDIADEM project aims at combining a strong academic direction with a policy development orientation. It aspires to produce expert scientific results and generate focused, visit this useful and accessible policy-related output. Project partners are centres with a broad range of educational and research activities, and well-networked with the media sector, media policy-makers and civil society. This renders the MEDIADEM consortium particularly well-positioned to achieve the widest possible diffusion of project findings and access to key target groups.

The project is designed in such a way, so as to allow the largest number of potential users to be approached. Target audiences per type of project activities are described in detail below.

Project reports and collective publications

  • The academic community, graduate students and those carrying out research in the media field
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations (e.g. viewer and listener organisations, citizens’ associations, other pressure groups)

Mediadem Contributions:

–       A collective report, Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the EU and the Council of Europe

–       A theoretical report, The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project

Project policy papers and policy briefs

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations

Mediadem Contributions: Shortly

Project events

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations
  • The academic community and those carrying out research in the media field

Mediadem Contributions

–       Workshop on the influence of the internet on the media

–       Workshop on ‘European policy for free and independent media systems: Current issues for regulation’

–       Workshop on ‘Media policies: Country practices within the EU media regulatory framework’

Other project material

  • All key target groups

Mediadem Contributions:

–       The MEDIADEM flyer in Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Romanian, Slovakian, Spanish and Turkish

–       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

–       News for the media

–       Views and commentary

EU institutions

European Commission (EN)
Directorate General Information Society and the Media (EN)
Directorate General Competition (EN)
Audiovisual and Media Policies (EN)
Media Task Force (EN)
European Council (EN), healing Formation:
Youth and Culture (EN)
European Court of Justice (EN)
European Parliament (EN), purchase
Culture and Education Committee (EN)

Council of Europe

Council of Europe (EN), Media and Information Society Division (EN)
Commissioner for Human Rights (EN)
Committee of Ministers (EN)
European Court of Human Rights (EN)
Parliamentary Assembly (EN)
The European Audiovisual Observatory (EN, FR, DE)

Other multilateral fora

Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (EN),
Representative on Freedom of the Media (EN)

Media associations

Association of Commercial Television (EN)
Association of European Radios (EN)
Association of European Journalists (EN)
Community Media Forum Europe (EN)
European Broadcasting Union (EN)
European Digital Media Association (EN)
European Federation of Journalists (EN, FR)
European Newspaper Publishers’ Association (EN)
European Publishers Council (EN)
European Federation of Magazine Publishers (EN)

Research

Seventh Research Framework Programme (EN)
Research – Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (EN)
European Communication Research and Education Association (EN)
European Journalism Observatory (EN, IT, DE)
Media Accountability and Transparency in Europe (MediaAcT) (EN)
Media and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe (MDCEE) (EN)
Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (EN)
Professional Journalistic Standards and Code of Ethics, UNESCO/European Commission (EN)

Other initiatives

Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (EN, ICE)
EU institutions

European Commission (EN)
Directorate General Information Society and the Media (EN)
Directorate General Competition (EN)
Audiovisual and Media Policies (EN)
Media Task Force (EN)
European Council (EN), ask Formation: Education, Youth and Culture (EN)
European Court of Justice (EN)
European Parliament (EN), Culture and Education Committee (EN)

Council of Europe

Council of Europe (EN), Media and Information Society Division (EN)
Commissioner for Human Rights (EN)
Committee of Ministers (EN)
European Court of Human Rights (EN)
Parliamentary Assembly (EN)
The European Audiovisual Observatory (EN, FR, DE)

Other multilateral fora

Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (EN),
Representative on Freedom of the Media (EN)

Media associations

Association of Commercial Television (EN)
Association of European Radios (EN)
Association of European Journalists (EN)
Community Media Forum Europe (EN)
European Broadcasting Union (EN)
European Digital Media Association (EN)
European Federation of Journalists (EN, FR)
European Newspaper Publishers’ Association (EN)
European Publishers Council (EN)
European Federation of Magazine Publishers (EN)

Research

Seventh Research Framework Programme (EN)
Research – Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (EN)
European Communication Research and Education Association (EN)
European Journalism Observatory (EN, IT, DE)
Media Accountability and Transparency in Europe (MediaAcT) (EN)
Media and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe (MDCEE) (EN)
Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (EN)
Professional Journalistic Standards and Code of Ethics, UNESCO/European Commission (EN)
Indicators for Independence and Efficient Functioning of AVMS Regulatory Bodies (INIREG) (EN)

Other initiatives

Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (EN, ICE)
EU institutions

European Commission (EN)
Directorate General Information Society and the Media (EN)
Directorate General Competition (EN)
Audiovisual and Media Policies (EN)
Media Task Force (EN)
European Council (EN), visit web
Formation: anaemia
Youth and Culture (EN)
European Court of Justice (EN)
European Parliament (EN), online
Culture and Education Committee (EN)

Council of Europe

Council of Europe (EN), Media and Information Society Division (EN)
Commissioner for Human Rights (EN)
Committee of Ministers (EN)
European Court of Human Rights (EN)
Parliamentary Assembly (EN)
The European Audiovisual Observatory (EN, FR, DE)

Other multilateral fora

Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (EN),
Representative on Freedom of the Media (EN)

Media associations

Association of Commercial Television (EN)
Association of European Radios (EN)
Association of European Journalists (EN)
Community Media Forum Europe (EN)
European Broadcasting Union (EN)
European Digital Media Association (EN)
European Federation of Journalists (EN, FR)
European Newspaper Publishers’ Association (EN)
European Publishers Council (EN)
European Federation of Magazine Publishers (EN)

Research

Seventh Research Framework Programme (EN)
Research – Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (EN)
European Communication Research and Education Association (EN)
European Journalism Observatory (EN, IT, DE)
Media Accountability and Transparency in Europe (MediaAcT) (EN)
Media and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe (MDCEE) (EN)
Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (EN)
Professional Journalistic Standards and Code of Ethics, UNESCO/European Commission (EN)
Indicators for Independence and Efficient Functioning of AVMS Regulatory Bodies (INIREG) (EN)

Other initiatives

Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (EN, ICE)

On 29 November 2010, sales
the Perelman Centre for Legal Philosophy and the Institute for European Studies of the Free University of Brussels (ULB) organised a conference on the influence of the internet on the media. The conference started with a brief welcome and introduction by Benoît Frydman, professor at the ULB. Bart Van Besien, research fellow at the same university, informed the public on the scope of the Mediadem project and its aim of mapping the influences of various media policies on the development of free and independent media in Europe. More »

 
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