Views & Commentary

Working paper: Private regulation, freedom of expression and journalism: Towards a European approach?

Bili?, meningitis Paško (2011): How Social Media Enforce Glocalisation – the Processes of Identity Change in Selected Central and Southeast European countries. In Milohni?, population health A. & Švob-?oki?, ask N. (eds): Cultural  Identity Politics in the (Post-)Transitional Societies. Culturelink/IMO: Zagreb

Cafaggi Fabrizio & Casarosa Federica (2012): Private Regulation, Freedom of Expression and Journalism: Towards a European Approach? EUI Working Papers, Law 2012/20. Available at: http://www.mediadem.eliamep.gr/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/WP-LAW-2012-20.pdf

Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2009): Media Ownership and the Public Interest:  The Case of Virgin Media, British Sky Broadcasting and its ITV Shares. The Journal of Media Law (1), 21-37

Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2008): Balancing Culture and Competition: State Support for Film and Television in European Community Law. Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies (10), 35-66

Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2007): Media Convergence and the Regulation of Audiovisual Content: Is the European Community’s Audiovisual Media Services Directive Fit for Purpose? Current Legal Problems, 238-277

Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2007): The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions: Building a New World Information and Communication Order? International Journal of Communication, 24-55

Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2006): European Community Media Regulation in a Converging Environment. In Shuibhne N.N. (ed.): Regulating the Internal Market. Edward Elgar Publishing

Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2005): Preserving and Promoting Media Pluralism and Diversity in Europe: The Role of the European Union. In Brogi, E., Vodinelic, V. and Gajin, S. (eds): Developing a Harmonized Information and Communication Law in Europe. Centre for Advanced Legal Studies: Belgrade

De la Sierra, Susana (2008): Principios y Objetivos Relacionados con el Reforzamiento de la identidad Cultural de la Comunidad Autónoma (Principles and Objectives Related to the Reinforcement of Cultural Identity of Autonomous Communities in Spain). In Balaguer Callejón F. (ed.): Reformas Estatutarias y Declarationes de Derechos 789 et seq. Tirant lo blanch/Instituto Andaluz de Administración Pública: Valencia

Docquir, Pierre-François (forthcoming, 2012): ‘Internet, les raisons d’un droit d’acce?s’. In Dubuisson F. (ed): Le te?le?chargement d’œuvres sur Internet, Actes du colloque du 14 de?cembre 2010

Docquir, Pierre-François (2011): ‘The challenges of net neutrality’. Quaderns del CAC, vol. 37

Docquir, Pierre-François (2011): ‘Le défaut manifeste de fondement et l’article 10 de la CEDH’. In Lambert-Abdelgawad E. and Dourneau-Josette P. (eds): Quel filtrage des requêtes par la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme. Ed. du Conseil de l’Europe

Docquir, Pierre-François (2011): ‘Les décisions de recevabilité concernant la Belgique’. In Lambert-Abdelgawad E. and Dourneau- Josette P. (eds): Quel filtrage des requêtes par la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme. Ed. du Conseil de l’Europe

Docquir, Pierre-François (2011): ‘L’annulation de l’interdiction de la publicité politique n’était pourtant pas nécessaire’. J.L.M.B. (11), 505

Docquir, Pierre-François (2010): ‘Réflexions sur l’efficacité des droits de l’homme’.  In Les droits de l’homme et l’efficacité de la justice – Actes du colloque de l’Association Syndicale des Magistrats. Larcier: Bruxelles

Docquir, Pierre-François (2010): ‘La seconde vie du droit: le droit dans les univers virtuels’. R.D.T.I. (40), 5-14

Docquir, Pierre-François (2010): ‘Donjons et législations, ou les avatars du droit dans les mondes virtuels’. R.D.T.I. (40), 91-101

Docquir, Pierre-François (2009): ‘N’ayons plus peur de la liberté d’expression sur Internet: à propos d’une définition stricte des ‘discours de haine’, note sous Bruxelles (12e ch.), 23 janvier 2009’. R.D.T.I. (37)

Docquir, Pierre-François (2009): ‘Protection de l’enfance dans le carnaval numérique: l’art. 8 de la CEDH impose un «devoir de démasquer» aux fournisseurs de services Internet (Note sous l’arrêt K.U. c. Finlande, du 2 déc. 2008)’. R.D.T.I. (34)

Docquir, Pierre-François (2007): Variables et Variations de la Liberté d’Expression aux Etats-Unis et en Europe. Coll. Droit & Justice, n° 72. Bruylant: Bruxelles

Docquir, Pierre-François (2007): Droit de Réponse ‘2.0’ ou la Tentation d’un Droit Subjectif d’Accès à la Tribune Médiatique. In Les Propos qui Heurtent, Choquent ou Inquiètent. Revue de Droit de l’ULB: Brussels

Fengler, Susanne & Ruß-Mohl, Stephan (2008): Journalists and Information-Attention-Markets. Journalism 9 (6), 667–690

Fengler, Susanne & Ruß-Mohl, Stephan (2008): The Crumbling Hidden Wall: Towards an Economic Theory of Journalism. Kyklos 61 (4), 520-542

Fengler, Susanne (2008): Media Journalism and the Power of Blogging Citizens. In Krogh, Torbjörn von (eds): Media Accountability Today – and Tomorrow. Göteborg: Nordicom

Fengler, Susanne & Ruß-Mohl, Stephan (2006): The Three Paradoxes of Media Journalism. In Egli von Matt, Sylvia et al. (eds): Media Journalism in the Attention Cycle – Problems, Perspectives, Visions. Lugano/Milano: Giampiero Casagrande Editore

Fengler, Susanne (2003): Holding the News Media Accountable: A Study of Media Reporters and Media Critics in the United States. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 80 (4), 818-832

Frydman, Benoît et al. (2010): Public Strategies for Internet Co-regulation in the United States, Europe and China. In Brousseau, E. & Marzouki, M, Meadel C. (eds): Governance, Regulations and Powers on the Internet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Frydman, Benoît & Englebert, Jacques (2002): Le Contrôle Judiciaire de la Presse. Auteurs & Médias (6)

Frydman, Benoît (1997): Quel Droit pour l’Internet? In  Montero, É. (ed.): Internet Sous le Regard du Droit. Bruxelles: Editions du Jeune Barreau de Bruxelles

Fossum, John Erik & Schlesinger, Philip (eds) (2007): The European Union and the Public Sphere: A Communicative Space in the Making? London and New York: SAGE

Guichot, Emilio (ed.) (2011): Derecho de la Comunicación. Madrid: Iustel

Gusy, Christoph (2008): Pressefreiheit contra Republikschutz (Freedom of the Press versus Protection of the Republic)? In Kohl, Neschwara & Simon (eds), Festschrift für Wilhelm Brauneder zum 65. Geburtstag: Wien

Gusy, Christoph & Haupt, Heinz-Gerhard (eds) (2005): Inklusion und Partizipation – Politische Kommunikation im Historischen Wandel (Inclusion and Participation – Political Communication in its Historical Change). Frankfurt/Main

Lauk, Epp (2009):  Reflections on Changing Patterns of Journalism in the New EU Countries. Journalism Studies 10 (1), 69 – 84

Lauk, Epp (2008): How Will it All Unfold? Media Systems and Journalism Cultures in Post-Communist Countries. In Jakubowicz, K. & Sükösd, M (eds): Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in Global Perspective. London: Intellect Books

Linde Paniagua, E., Vidal Beltrán, J.M., Medina González, S. (2011): Derecho Audiovisual. Madrid: Editorial Colex

Mazziotti, Giuseppe (2009): Italy. In Long, C. (ed.): Global Telecommunications Law and Practice. Sweet and Maxwell: London

Mazziotti, Giuseppe (2008): EU Digital Copyright Law and the End-User. Springer Verlag: Berlin

Milohni?, Aldo & Švob-?oki?, Nada (eds) (2011): Cultural Identity Politics in the (Post-)Transitional Societies (Part two: Communication, Media and Cultural identities). Culturelink/IMO: Zagreb

Mungiu-Pippidi, Alina (2002): From State to Public Service: The Failed Reform of State Television in Central Eastern Europe. In Sükösd, M. & Bajomi-Lázár, P. (eds): Reinventing Media: Media Policy Reform in East Central Europe. Budapest: CEU Press

Müller, Sebastian (2010): Ökonomischer und staatlicher Einfluss auf die Medien in Europa. Drei Länderbeispiele. vorgänge 49(4), 46 – 54. Available at: http://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/publication/2469084

Ondruchova, Maria (2007): Wahlkampf global (Global Election Campaigns). In Politik und Kommunikation

Peruško, Zrinjka & Popovi?, Helena (2008): Media Concentration Trends in Central and Eastern Europe. In Jakubowicz, K. & Sukosd, M. (eds): Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in Global Perspective. Intellect Books: Bristol

Peruško, Zrinjka & Popovi?, Helena (2008): From Transmission to the Public Good: Media Policy for the Digital Age in Croatia. In: Sukosd, M. & Isanovi?, A. (eds): Public Service Television in the Digital Age: Strategies and Opportunities in Five South-East European Countries.  Mediacentar: Sarajevo

Popovi?, Helena & Hromadži?, Hajrudin (2008): Media Users: From Readership to Co-Creators. In Uzelac, A. & Cvjeticanin, B. (eds): The Changing Dynamics, Culturelink Joint Publication Series. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations

Primorac, Jaka & Jurlin, Kreiimir (2008): Access, Piracy and Culture: The Implications of Digitalization in Southeastern Europe. In: Uzelac, A. & Cvjeti?anin, B. (eds): Digital Culture: The Changing Dynamics, Culturelink Joint Publication Series. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (ed.) (2012): Understanding Media Policies: A European perspective. Palgrave Macmillan

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2012): State aids to the press: The EU’s perspective’. European State Aid Law Quarterly (1), 57-71

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2012): Hof van Justitie van de EU, 16 February 2012, zaken C-360/10, Belgische Vereniging van Auteurs, Componisten en Uitgevers CVBA (SABAM) v Netlog NV, Noot: E. Psychogiopoulou (Case note in English). European Human Rights Cases 13 (5-18 May 2012), 931-939

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2011): Hof van Justitie van de EU, 22 September 2011, zaken C-244/10 en C-245/10, Mesopotamia Broadcast A/S METV en Roj TV A/A tegen Duitsland, Noot (Case note in English). European Human Rights Cases 12 (12-17 December), 1857-1869

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2010): The ‘Cultural’ Criterion in the European Commission’s Assessment of State-Aids to the Audio-Visual Sector. Legal Issues of Economic Integration (37), 273-91

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2008): The Integration of Cultural Considerations in EU Law and Policies. Martinus NIjhoff Publishers: Brill

Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2006): EC State Aid Control and Cultural Justifications. Legal Issues of Economic Integration 33 (1), 3-38

Rorive, Isabelle & Frydman, Benoît (2002): Regulating Internet Content through Intermediaries in Europe and the USA. Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie. Max Planck Institute

Rorive, Isabelle (2003): Strategies to Tackle Racism and Xenophobia on the Internet – Where are We in Europe? International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, 7. Available at: http://www.ijclp.net/ijclp_web-doc_8-7-2003.html

Schlesinger, Philip (2009): Cultural and Communications Policy and the Stateless Nation. Catalan Journal of Communication & Cultural Studies 1(1), 9-14

Schlesinger, Philip (2009): Creativity and the Experts: New Labour, Think Tanks and the Policy Process’. International Journal of Press Politics 14(3), 3-20

Schlesinger, Philip (2007): La Nación y Espacio Comunicativo. In Lila Luchessi & María Graciela Rodriguez (eds): Fronteras Globales: Cultura, Política y Medios de Comunicacíon. Buenos Aires: La Crujía

Schlesinger, Philip (1991): Media, State and Nation. London: Sage

Schulz, Wolfgang (2009): The Legal Framework for Public Service Broadcasting after the German State Aid Case: Procrustean Bed or Hammock? Journal of Media Law 1 (2), 219-241

Schulz, Wolfgang (2008): Kommentierung zu Art. 10 EMRK und Art. 5 GG. In Berlit W, Meyer C and Paschke M (eds.): Hamburger Kommentar zum gesamten Medienrecht. Baden-Baden

Schulz, Wolfgang (2008): Medienkonvergenz light – Zur neuen Europäischen Richtlinie über audiovisuelle Mediendienste [Media Convergence Light – on the New European Directives on Audiovisual Media Services]. EuZW

Schulz, Wolfgang, Held, Thorsten & Laudien, Arne (2005): Suchmaschinen als Gatekeeper in der öffentlichen Kommunikation. Berlin

Schulz, Wolfgang & Held, Thorsten (2004): Regulated Self-regulation as a Form of Modern Government. An Analysis of Case Studies from Media and Telecommunications Law. Eastleigh

Schulz, Wolfgang & Ziewitz, Malte (2004): Extending the Access Obligation to EPGs and Service Platforms? In Closs, W. & Nikolzchev S. (eds): Regulating Access to Digital Television. Strasbourg

Schulz, Wolfgang (2003): Aufmerksamkeit für die “Res Publica” im Zeitalter der Vernetzung: vom Leitbild der integrativen Gesamtöffentlichkeit zur Koordination situativer Themenöffentlichkeiten. In Ladeur K.-H. (ed): Innovationsoffene Regulierung des Internet: Neues Recht für Kommunikationsnetzwerke. Baden-Baden

Schulz, Wolfgang, Held, Thorsten & Kops, Manfred (2001): Von der dualen Rundfunkordnung zur dienstespezifisch diversifizierten Informationsordnung? Baden-Baden

Skolkay, Andrej (2010): Media Law in Slovakia. Kluwer Publishers

Skolkay Andrej (2009): Media and Globalisation. Bratislava: School of Communication and Media

Sözeri, Ceren & Güney, Zeynep (2011): Türkiye’de Medyan?n Ekonomi Politi?i: Sektör Analizi [The Political Economy of the Media in Turkey: A Sectoral Analysis]. TESEV Publication: Istanbul. Available at: http://www.tesev.org.tr/UD_OBJS/PDF/DEMP/ENG/11461ENGmedya2WEB21_09_11.pdf

Sözeri, Ceren (2011): Does Social Media Reduce ‘Corporate Media Influence’ on Journalism?: The Case of Turkish Media. Estudos em Comunicação – Communication Studies (10), 69-90. Available at: http://www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/10/pdf/EC10-2011Dez.pdf

Stolte, Yolande (2005): Preserving and Promoting Media Pluralism and Diversity in Europe: The Role of the European Union. In Brogi, E., Vodinelic, V. and Gajin, S. (eds): Developing a Harmonized Information and Communication Law in Europe. Centre for Advanced Legal Studies: Belgrade

Švob-?oki?, Nada (2011): Cultural Networks and Cultural Policies: A Missing Link. In Cvjeti?anin, B. (ed.): Networks. The Evolving Aspects of Culture in 21st Century. Culturelink/IMO: Zagreb

Švob-?oki?, Nada et al. (2008): Kultura Zaborava. Industrijalizacija Kulturnih Djelatnosti (The Culture of Oblivion. The Industrialization of Culture). Naklada Jesenski-Turk: Zagreb

Švob-?oki?, Nada (ed.) (2004): Cultural Transitions in South-Eastern Europe. Institute for International Relations: Zagreb

Van Besien, Bart (2011): ‘La responsabilité des gestionnaires de forums de discussion «non commerciaux»’ [The liability of administrators of non-commercial discussion forums]. Auteurs & Media (5-6), 562-568

Credits: kmardahl/ Creative commons

The increasing role of electronic media in news and, cialis
more generally, treatment
in content production is changing the scope and boundaries of the journalism profession and the instruments deployed to regulate the activity. Historically, journalism has primarily been self-regulated. The limits of public legislation, mainly driven by the constitutional constraints posed by the freedom of expression, have created different models of national private regulatory regimes across Europe. Media regulation is a multilevel architecture and national legal systems still play a primary role in designing rules concerning news production. More »

 

Public service media do not have to end ‘online written press activities’

Credits: espensovik/ Creative commons

It is a dismal future that awaits the printed press. The growth of the Internet cannot be considered the only cause of its decline[1] but there is no point denying that the development of Internet-based media services has only made a steep slope more slippery for the print business. In Belgium, shop the French-speaking newspapers have identified the public service broadcaster (PSB) as an unfair competitor on the tense market of online press and advertising. While the Internet activities of private broadcasters are seen as a mere continuation of existing competition, the fact that the PSB admittedly relied on public funding to support its online presence allegedly causes a distortion of market conditions. More »

 

The state government of Rhineland-Palatinate questions the independence of the German PSB broadcaster ‘Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen’

Credits: ax2groin/Creative Commons

The MEDIADEM project aims at combining a strong academic direction with a policy development orientation. It aspires to produce expert scientific results and generate focused, visit this useful and accessible policy-related output. Project partners are centres with a broad range of educational and research activities, and well-networked with the media sector, media policy-makers and civil society. This renders the MEDIADEM consortium particularly well-positioned to achieve the widest possible diffusion of project findings and access to key target groups.

The project is designed in such a way, so as to allow the largest number of potential users to be approached. Target audiences per type of project activities are described in detail below.

Project reports and collective publications

  • The academic community, graduate students and those carrying out research in the media field
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations (e.g. viewer and listener organisations, citizens’ associations, other pressure groups)

Mediadem Contributions:

–       A collective report, Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the EU and the Council of Europe

–       A theoretical report, The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project

Project policy papers and policy briefs

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations

Mediadem Contributions: Shortly

Project events

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations
  • The academic community and those carrying out research in the media field

Mediadem Contributions

–       Workshop on the influence of the internet on the media

–       Workshop on ‘European policy for free and independent media systems: Current issues for regulation’

–       Workshop on ‘Media policies: Country practices within the EU media regulatory framework’

Other project material

  • All key target groups

Mediadem Contributions:

–       The MEDIADEM flyer in Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Romanian, Slovakian, Spanish and Turkish

–       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

–       News for the media

–       Views and commentary

EU institutions

European Commission (EN)
Directorate General Information Society and the Media (EN)
Directorate General Competition (EN)
Audiovisual and Media Policies (EN)
Media Task Force (EN)
European Council (EN), healing Formation:
Youth and Culture (EN)
European Court of Justice (EN)
European Parliament (EN), purchase
Culture and Education Committee (EN)

Council of Europe

Council of Europe (EN), Media and Information Society Division (EN)
Commissioner for Human Rights (EN)
Committee of Ministers (EN)
European Court of Human Rights (EN)
Parliamentary Assembly (EN)
The European Audiovisual Observatory (EN, FR, DE)

Other multilateral fora

Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (EN),
Representative on Freedom of the Media (EN)

Media associations

Association of Commercial Television (EN)
Association of European Radios (EN)
Association of European Journalists (EN)
Community Media Forum Europe (EN)
European Broadcasting Union (EN)
European Digital Media Association (EN)
European Federation of Journalists (EN, FR)
European Newspaper Publishers’ Association (EN)
European Publishers Council (EN)
European Federation of Magazine Publishers (EN)

Research

Seventh Research Framework Programme (EN)
Research – Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (EN)
European Communication Research and Education Association (EN)
European Journalism Observatory (EN, IT, DE)
Media Accountability and Transparency in Europe (MediaAcT) (EN)
Media and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe (MDCEE) (EN)
Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (EN)
Professional Journalistic Standards and Code of Ethics, UNESCO/European Commission (EN)

Other initiatives

Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (EN, ICE)
EU institutions

European Commission (EN)
Directorate General Information Society and the Media (EN)
Directorate General Competition (EN)
Audiovisual and Media Policies (EN)
Media Task Force (EN)
European Council (EN), ask Formation: Education, Youth and Culture (EN)
European Court of Justice (EN)
European Parliament (EN), Culture and Education Committee (EN)

Council of Europe

Council of Europe (EN), Media and Information Society Division (EN)
Commissioner for Human Rights (EN)
Committee of Ministers (EN)
European Court of Human Rights (EN)
Parliamentary Assembly (EN)
The European Audiovisual Observatory (EN, FR, DE)

Other multilateral fora

Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (EN),
Representative on Freedom of the Media (EN)

Media associations

Association of Commercial Television (EN)
Association of European Radios (EN)
Association of European Journalists (EN)
Community Media Forum Europe (EN)
European Broadcasting Union (EN)
European Digital Media Association (EN)
European Federation of Journalists (EN, FR)
European Newspaper Publishers’ Association (EN)
European Publishers Council (EN)
European Federation of Magazine Publishers (EN)

Research

Seventh Research Framework Programme (EN)
Research – Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (EN)
European Communication Research and Education Association (EN)
European Journalism Observatory (EN, IT, DE)
Media Accountability and Transparency in Europe (MediaAcT) (EN)
Media and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe (MDCEE) (EN)
Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (EN)
Professional Journalistic Standards and Code of Ethics, UNESCO/European Commission (EN)
Indicators for Independence and Efficient Functioning of AVMS Regulatory Bodies (INIREG) (EN)

Other initiatives

Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (EN, ICE)
EU institutions

European Commission (EN)
Directorate General Information Society and the Media (EN)
Directorate General Competition (EN)
Audiovisual and Media Policies (EN)
Media Task Force (EN)
European Council (EN), visit web
Formation: anaemia
Youth and Culture (EN)
European Court of Justice (EN)
European Parliament (EN), online
Culture and Education Committee (EN)

Council of Europe

Council of Europe (EN), Media and Information Society Division (EN)
Commissioner for Human Rights (EN)
Committee of Ministers (EN)
European Court of Human Rights (EN)
Parliamentary Assembly (EN)
The European Audiovisual Observatory (EN, FR, DE)

Other multilateral fora

Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (EN),
Representative on Freedom of the Media (EN)

Media associations

Association of Commercial Television (EN)
Association of European Radios (EN)
Association of European Journalists (EN)
Community Media Forum Europe (EN)
European Broadcasting Union (EN)
European Digital Media Association (EN)
European Federation of Journalists (EN, FR)
European Newspaper Publishers’ Association (EN)
European Publishers Council (EN)
European Federation of Magazine Publishers (EN)

Research

Seventh Research Framework Programme (EN)
Research – Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (EN)
European Communication Research and Education Association (EN)
European Journalism Observatory (EN, IT, DE)
Media Accountability and Transparency in Europe (MediaAcT) (EN)
Media and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe (MDCEE) (EN)
Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (EN)
Professional Journalistic Standards and Code of Ethics, UNESCO/European Commission (EN)
Indicators for Independence and Efficient Functioning of AVMS Regulatory Bodies (INIREG) (EN)

Other initiatives

Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (EN, ICE)

On 29 November 2010, sales
the Perelman Centre for Legal Philosophy and the Institute for European Studies of the Free University of Brussels (ULB) organised a conference on the influence of the internet on the media. The conference started with a brief welcome and introduction by Benoît Frydman, professor at the ULB. Bart Van Besien, research fellow at the same university, informed the public on the scope of the Mediadem project and its aim of mapping the influences of various media policies on the development of free and independent media in Europe. More »

 

Financing public service broadcasting in the digital era

On 29 November 2010, salve
the Perelman Centre for Legal Philosophy and the Institute for European Studies of the Free University of Brussels (ULB) organised a conference on the influence of the internet on the media. The conference started with a brief welcome and introduction by Benoît Frydman, professor at the ULB. Bart Van Besien, research fellow at the same university, informed the public on the scope of the Mediadem project and its aim of mapping the influences of various media policies on the development of free and independent media in Europe. More »

 

2010 Progress Report on Croatia: Media freedom still hampered

On November 9 the Commission adopted its 2010 Enlargement package which includes a Progress Report for Croatia as a candidate country. The section of the Report that examines the progress made by Croatia towards meeting the Copenhagen political criteria notes that, stuff although freedom of expression (including media freedom and pluralism) is provided for by the Croatian laws and is generally respected, discount editors and journalists continue to report undue pressure from political and economic interest groups. There has been limited progress in investigating threats against journalists who work on cases of corruption and organised crime (only one case about the assassination of two prominent journalists has been processed so far). More »

 

Alignment with the acquis: Where does Turkey stand in 2010?

Mediadem researchers met in Zagreb on 10-11 December 2010 for the second meeting of the project. They discussed theoretical approaches to the study of media policy and exchanged ideas and opinions on how to empirically explore the formulation of national media policies for free and independent media and the ways in which the various regulatory measures and instruments are put into practice. Throughout discussion, food
emphasis was put on the importance of examining the processes under which the various rules and policy tools are formed and implemented and of the influence that the various policy participants exert throughout the process. Project partners presented the issues that are considered of crucial importance in each individual country and analysed how these will be empirically approached. The discussion that followed offered a valuable basis for the preparation of the 14 case study reports which are expected towards the end of 2011. Researchers will meet in Athens in June 2011 to discuss their first empirical findings and agree on next steps.

Mediadem researchers met in Zagreb on 10-11 December 2010 for the second meeting of the project. They discussed theoretical approaches to the study of media policy and exchanged ideas and opinions on how to empirically explore the formulation of national media policies for free and independent media and the ways in which the various regulatory measures and instruments are put into practice. Throughout discussion, pilule
emphasis was put on the importance of examining the processes under which the various rules and policy tools are formed and implemented and of the influence that the various policy participants exert throughout the process. More »

 

Comments on a draft law on “Radio and Television Slovakia (RTS)”

On Tuesday, unhealthy
5th of October 2010 the analogue television broadcasts have been switched off for all national television channels in the Republic of Croatia, thus marking a transition to digital television broadcasting. Several low-power analog transmitters will be in function until the end of the year as the digital transmission of local and regional television is still in testing phase, and due to the fact that a number of households are not fully covered with digital signal. To ease the transition to digital transmission the government has developed a subsidy system of vouchers to users for the purchase of receivers for all digital terrestrial television signals. According to the Strategy of transfer from analogue to digital television broadcasting, the transition to digital television broadcasting will be completed by 1st of January 2011.

For more information on the Croatian switchover, click here. You may also visit the website of the Central State Administrative Office for e-Croatia.

On Tuesday, this web
5th of October 2010 the analogue television broadcasts have been switched off for all national television channels in the Republic of Croatia, allergist
thus marking a transition to digital television broadcasting. Several low-power analog transmitters will be in function until the end of the year as the digital transmission of local and regional television is still in testing phase, sick and due to the fact that a number of households are not fully covered with digital signal. To ease the transition to digital transmission the government has developed a subsidy system of vouchers to users for the purchase of receivers for all digital terrestrial television signals. According to the Strategy of transfer from analogue to digital television broadcasting, the transition to digital television broadcasting will be completed by 1st of January 2011.

For more information on the Croatian switchover, click here. You may also visit the website of the Central State Administrative Office for e-Croatia.

Credits: Arnisto.com/ Creative Commons

On Tuesday, search
5th of October 2010 the analogue television broadcasts have been switched off for all national television channels in the Republic of Croatia, thus marking a transition to digital television broadcasting. Several low-power analog transmitters will be in function until the end of the year as the digital transmission of local and regional television is still in testing phase, and due to the fact that a number of households are not fully covered with digital signal. To ease the transition to digital transmission the government has developed a subsidy system of vouchers to users for the purchase of receivers for all digital terrestrial television signals. More »

 

Reflections on the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative

The Icelandic Modern Media Initiative (‘IMMI’), rehabilitation unanimously approved by the Icelandic Parliament on the 16th June 2010, oncologist aims to make Iceland a ‘safe haven’ for the world’s media, syringe investigative journalists, and whistleblowers.[1] The initiative is of particular interest to the Mediadem project, in that it will not only identify some of the world’s most media friendly legal regulations, it should also lay bare some of the technical and policy challenges that underpin any attempt to safeguard freedom of expression and access to information in today’s networked, and increasingly international, communications environment. More »

 

Spain’s Violation of Article 10 ECHR in a case involving King Hassan II of Morocco

A reasoned opinion was sent last week to the Greek government for failure to implement the Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive. Similarly to 11 other EU Member States (Austria, seek Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Latvia, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia), the Greek state has not yet complied with its obligations under the revised version of the former Television without Frontiers Directive. The European Commission has set a deadline of 2 months for the transposition of the Directive in the Greek legal order. If Greece fails to meet the deadline, the case might be brought before the European Court of Justice.

The absence of a timely transposition of the AVMS Directive (due by December 19th, 2009) is indicative of the broader difficulties the Greek state encounters in revising its media regulatory framework. On 15 April 2010, an ad hoc working group of the National Council for Radio and Television submitted a report to the Minister for the Interior, Decentralization and E-Governance and to the Special Permanent Committee on Institutions and Transparency of the Greek Parliament, suggesting 2/3 of national media-related legislation to be revoked, modified or simplified. Accounting for this have been the complexity and lack of coherence that characterize the Greek media regulatory framework. Since the late 1980s, when the Greek audiovisual market was liberalized, a series of statutes have been enacted to regulate the audiovisual market. The standard proclamation that ‘any contrary provision’ to the rules introduced is abolished has created and gradually reinforced legal uncertainty regarding the norms that are actually in force. The required transposition of the AVMS Directive could provide momentum for a broader reflection on Greek media regulation. It could serve to herald a meaningful shift in the government’s attitude by prompting domestic authorities to streamline and rationalize the rules that govern the media in the country.

The Commission’s press release (IP/10/803) is available here.

A reasoned opinion was sent last week to the Greek government for failure to implement the Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive. Similarly to 11 other EU Member States (Austria, online Cyprus, help Estonia, viagra sale
Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Latvia, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia), the Greek state has not yet complied with its obligations under the revised version of the former Television without Frontiers Directive. The European Commission has set a deadline of 2 months for the transposition of the Directive in the Greek legal order. If Greece fails to meet the deadline, the case might be brought before the European Court of Justice.

The absence of a timely transposition of the AVMS Directive (due by December 19th, 2009) is indicative of the broader difficulties the Greek state encounters in revising its media regulatory framework. On 15 April 2010, an ad hoc working group of the National Council for Radio and Television submitted a report to the Minister for the Interior, Decentralization and E-Governance and to the Special Permanent Committee on Institutions and Transparency of the Greek Parliament, suggesting 2/3 of national media-related legislation to be revoked, modified or simplified. Accounting for this have been the complexity and lack of coherence that characterize the Greek media regulatory framework. Since the late 1980s, when the Greek audiovisual market was liberalized, a series of statutes have been enacted to regulate the audiovisual market. The standard proclamation that ‘any contrary provision’ to the rules introduced is abolished has created and gradually reinforced legal uncertainty regarding the norms that are actually in force. The required transposition of the AVMS Directive could provide momentum for a broader reflection on Greek media regulation. It could serve to herald a meaningful shift in the government’s attitude by prompting domestic authorities to streamline and rationalize the rules that govern the media in the country.

The Commission’s press release (IP/10/803) is available here.

A reasoned opinion was sent last week to the Greek government for failure to implement the Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive. Similarly to 11 other EU Member States (Austria, info
Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Latvia, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia), the Greek state has not yet complied with its obligations under the revised version of the former Television without Frontiers Directive. The European Commission has set a deadline of 2 months for the transposition of the Directive in the Greek legal order. If Greece fails to meet the deadline, the case might be brought before the European Court of Justice.

The absence of a timely transposition of the AVMS Directive (due by December 19th, 2009) is indicative of the broader difficulties the Greek state encounters in revising its media regulatory framework. On 15 April 2010, an ad hoc working group of the National Council for Radio and Television submitted a report to the Minister for the Interior, Decentralization and E-Governance and to the Special Permanent Committee on Institutions and Transparency of the Greek Parliament, suggesting 2/3 of national media-related legislation to be revoked, modified or simplified. Accounting for this have been the complexity and lack of coherence that characterize the Greek media regulatory framework. Since the late 1980s, when the Greek audiovisual market was liberalized, a series of statutes have been enacted to regulate the audiovisual market. The standard proclamation that ‘any contrary provision’ to the rules introduced is abolished has created and gradually reinforced legal uncertainty regarding the norms that are actually in force. The required transposition of the AVMS Directive could provide momentum for a broader reflection on Greek media regulation. It could serve to herald a meaningful shift in the government’s attitude by prompting domestic authorities to streamline and rationalize the rules that govern the media in the country.

The Commission’s press release (IP/10/803) is available here.

Credits: when I was a bird/ Creative Commons

A reasoned opinion was sent last week to the Greek government for failure to implement the Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive. Similarly to 11 other EU Member States (Austria, discount Cyprus, anabolics
Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Latvia, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia), the Greek state has not yet complied with its obligations under the revised version of the former Television without Frontiers Directive. The European Commission has set a deadline of 2 months for the transposition of the Directive in the Greek legal order. If Greece fails to meet the deadline, the case might be brought before the European Court of Justice.

The absence of a timely transposition of the AVMS Directive (due by December 19th, 2009) is indicative of the broader difficulties the Greek state encounters in revising its media regulatory framework. On 15 April 2010, an ad hoc working group of the National Council for Radio and Television submitted a report to the Minister for the Interior, Decentralization and E-Governance and to the Special Permanent Committee on Institutions and Transparency of the Greek Parliament, suggesting 2/3 of national media-related legislation to be revoked, modified or simplified. Accounting for this have been the complexity and lack of coherence that characterize the Greek media regulatory framework. Since the late 1980s, when the Greek audiovisual market was liberalized, a series of statutes have been enacted to regulate the audiovisual market. The standard proclamation that ‘any contrary provision’ to the rules introduced is abolished has created and gradually reinforced legal uncertainty regarding the norms that are actually in force. The required transposition of the AVMS Directive could provide momentum for a broader reflection on Greek media regulation. It could serve to herald a meaningful shift in the government’s attitude by prompting domestic authorities to streamline and rationalize the rules that govern the media in the country.

The Commission’s press release (IP/10/803) is available here.

Credits: when I was a bird/ Creative Commons

A reasoned opinion was sent last week to the Greek government for failure to implement the Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive. Similarly to 11 other EU Member States (Austria, misbirth
Cyprus, pestilence
Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Latvia, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia), the Greek state has not yet complied with its obligations under the revised version of the former Television without Frontiers Directive. The European Commission has set a deadline of 2 months for the transposition of the Directive in the Greek legal order. If Greece fails to meet the deadline, the case might be brought before the European Court of Justice.

The absence of a timely transposition of the AVMS Directive (due by December 19th, 2009) is indicative of the broader difficulties the Greek state encounters in revising its media regulatory framework. On 15 April 2010, an ad hoc working group of the National Council for Radio and Television submitted a report to the Minister for the Interior, Decentralization and E-Governance and to the Special Permanent Committee on Institutions and Transparency of the Greek Parliament, suggesting 2/3 of national media-related legislation to be revoked, modified or simplified. Accounting for this have been the complexity and lack of coherence that characterize the Greek media regulatory framework. Since the late 1980s, when the Greek audiovisual market was liberalized, a series of statutes have been enacted to regulate the audiovisual market. The standard proclamation that ‘any contrary provision’ to the rules introduced is abolished has created and gradually reinforced legal uncertainty regarding the norms that are actually in force. The required transposition of the AVMS Directive could provide momentum for a broader reflection on Greek media regulation. It could serve to herald a meaningful shift in the government’s attitude by prompting domestic authorities to streamline and rationalize the rules that govern the media in the country.

The Commission’s press release (IP/10/803) is available here.

Credits: when I was a bird/ Creative Commons

A reasoned opinion was sent last week to the Greek government for failure to implement the Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive. Similarly to 11 other EU Member States (Austria, rx
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Estonia, patient
Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Latvia, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia), the Greek state has not yet complied with its obligations under the revised version of the former Television without Frontiers Directive. The European Commission has set a deadline of 2 months for the transposition of the Directive in the Greek legal order. If Greece fails to meet the deadline, the case might be brought before the European Court of Justice. More »