What’s New in the Media ?

New funding regime for Public Service Broadcasting in Germany: Interstate Treaty envisages a household and company contribution by 1 January 2013

The School of Communication and Media (SKAMBA) organised a press conference in Bratislava on 1 December 2011 to present the results of a case study and an on-line survey on the impact of media policy on free and independent media performance in Slovakia. The results were presented by Dr. Andrej Školkay, an expert on media legislation. The event was attended by representatives of the Slovak Syndicate of Journalists, the Supreme Court, the Ministry of Culture and the media (including wire agencies).

The on-line survey took place between November 1 and 14, 2011, among a sample of more than 200 Slovak journalists and media managers from national, regional and local media from all regions of Slovakia.

The vast majority of survey respondents (about 90%) expressed the view that journalists can work freely or rather freely in Slovakia. Research findings suggest that the freedom of expression in general, and through the media in particular, is primarily supported by the rulings of the Constitutional Court, which has in recent years shifted to favouring freedom of speech and media and has also issued several key liberal decisions in this regard. The freedom of the media is relatively limited by the more conservative Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission (the main regulatory body for electronic/digital media) and a part of lower general judiciary (district courts). That is because a part of the judiciary issues unpredictable decisions in disputes relating to protection of personality rights vis-a-vis freedom of expression. There also seems to be a problem with the Supreme Court which has issued several contradictory rulings in cases related to the decision-making of the Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission in regulatory issues.

The results further suggest that the Parliament as a policy maker is largely subordinated to the executive power (the Cabinet). However, several unexpected legislative initiatives were passed by the Parliament, which eventually limited freedom of speech, such as an amendment to the Penal Code sanctioning public questioning of crimes of communism and fascism.

Respondents feel that financial sanctions in court proceedings related to libel/defamation cases (non-pecuniary damages) do not have a liquidation impact on the media – smaller media outlets are usually cautious enough in making public unsubstantiated accusations, while big media outlets have sufficient resources to cover such costs.

Overall, respondents think that Slovakia has been missing an influential and respected journalistic organisation.

The findings of the on-line can be consulted here (in Slovakian).

The School of Communication and Media (SKAMBA) organised a press conference in Bratislava on 1 December 2011 to present the results of a case study and an on-line survey on the impact of media policy on free and independent media performance in Slovakia. The results were presented by Dr. Andrej Školkay, (in Slovakian).

The School of Communication and Media (SKAMBA) organised a press conference in Bratislava on 1 December 2011 to present the results of a case study and an on-line survey on the impact of media policy on free and independent media performance in Slovakia. The results were presented by Dr. Andrej Školkay, (in Slovakian).

The School of Communication and Media (SKAMBA) organised a press conference in Bratislava on 1 December 2011 to present the results of a case study and an on-line survey on the impact of media policy on free and independent media performance in Slovakia. The results were presented by Dr. Andrej Školkay, (in Slovakian).

The School of Communication and Media (SKAMBA) organised a press conference in Bratislava on 1 December 2011 to present the results of a case study and an on-line survey on the impact of media policy on free and independent media performance in Slovakia. The results were presented by Dr. Andrej Školkay, the scientist in charge of the MEDIADEM Slovakian research team, (in Slovakian).

The School of Communication and Media (SKAMBA) organised a press conference in Bratislava on 1 December 2011 to present the results of a case study and an on-line survey on the impact of media policy on free and independent media performance in Slovakia. The results were presented by Dr. Andrej Školkay, and Mgr. Radoslav Kutaš, an expert on media legislation. The event was attended by representatives of the Slovak Syndicate of Journalists, the Supreme Court, the Ministry of Culture and the media (including wire agencies). More »

 

High-level group to focus on media freedom and pluralism

The Greek Government has formed a special committee to examine the possibility of enacting new legislation in order to deal with issues relating to the civil and criminal liability for libel, defamation, Germany, Italy, Romania and Spain.

The proposals of the group are expected in November 2011. For more information you may contact Evangelia Psychogiopoulou.

Credits: Bull3t/Creative Commons

The Greek Government has formed a special committee to examine the possibility of enacting new legislation in order to deal with issues relating to the civil and criminal liability for libel, defamation, calumny and other acts or offenses committed by website/blog administrators or website owners or users of the respective services.

The MEDIADEM project contributed to the work of the committee by compiling and providing information concerning the relevant applicable rules in other European countries. The following countries were covered: Finland, calumny and other acts or offenses committed by website/blog administrators or website owners or users of the respective services. More »

 

MEDIADEM partners contribute to the work of a special drafting-law committee in Greece

The report on ‘Media policies and regulatory practices – the case of Spain’ is now available in Spanish. View the report Políticas públicas europeas sobre medios de comunicación y prácticas regulatorias: la situación en España here.

Credits: Bull3t/ Creative Commons

The Greek Government has formed a special committee to examine the possibility of enacting new legislation in order to deal with issues relating to the civil and criminal liability for libel, defamation, calumny and other acts or offenses committed by website/blog administrators or website owners or users of the respective services.

The MEDIADEM project contributed to the work of the committee by compiling and providing information concerning the relevant applicable rules in other European countries. More »

 

Reporters Without Borders report on the decline in media freedom in Greece

Credit: Valerie Everett/ Creative Commons

The project ‘European Media Policies Revisited: Valuing & Reclaiming Free and Independent Media in Contemporary Democratic Systems’ (MEDIADEM) is a European research project, aimed at examining the factors that promote or hinder policy development for media freedom and independence.

The project combines a country-based study with a comparative analysis across media sectors and types of media services and investigates the complex array of policy approaches and regulatory, and Turkish and the detailed project brochure in English.

The flyer as well as the project logo were designed by Fabiano Micocci.

A Reporters Without Borders (RWB) mission report on the decline in media freedom in Greece has just been published. The RWB’s team visited Athens in the summer of 2011 to investigate the reasons behind the country’s decline in media freedom ratings. Greece fell sharply in the 2010 World Press Freedom index, ending up last in Europe in the 70th place (in the 2009 ranking it was in the 35th place), together with Bulgaria. Accounting for this worrying trend, the report concludes, is mainly the economic and financial crisis which exposed the weaknesses and malpractices of a defective media market which has been for years artificially supported. More »

 

OSCE report on freedom of expression on the internet

On 19 August 2011, and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

On 19 August 2011, and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

On 19 August 2011, and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

On 19 August 2011, ERT. The reduction of ERT’s expenses, which fit in with the government’s broader plans to reduce public spending, is at the heart of the proposed changes. According to Mr Mosialos, the reforms also aim at establishing a public service broadcaster that operates in a transparent manner and which is ‘not politicised’. An independent committee will be formed in order to examine the management practices of public service broadcasters in France, Germany, Sweden and the UK. On the basis of its findings, it will subsequently advise the government on the best practices to follow. Its proposals are expected to be published by the end of October 2011.

The measures announced include closing ET1, the flagship television network of ERT, and the digital channels Cine Plus and Sport Plus, which had recently merged into one, and placing greater emphasis on the Internet and multimedia platforms. NET will become an information and entertainment channel while ET3, currently broadcasting from Thessaloniki, will become a national channel. Turning to public radio, ERA, the channels of national range, such as NET (with a focus on streaming news), the Third Programme (with a focus on classical music and the arts) and ERA SPORT will be upgraded, while special radio programmes for immigrants will be provided in partnership with the Athens Municipal radio. 19 regional stations will be merged into nine, becoming centrally administered, while five out of the 20 medium-wave transmitters will be closed.

The reorganisation plan also includes the abolishment of the Hellenic Audiovisual Institute, the national applied research organisation in the field of audiovisual communication, and of the Hellenic National Audiovisual Archive. According to Mr Mosialos, a draft law containing provisions for the provincial press and the regional media will be announced within the coming weeks. A Presidential Decree assigning responsibility for the media to the Minister of State will also be issued.

See the relevant articles in Imerisia and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

On 19 August 2011, and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

On 19 August 2011, and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

On 19 August 2011, and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

On 19 August 2011, and Naftemporiki (in Greek).

In July 2011, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) published a report that examines Internet regulation in the OSCE member states. The study was commissioned by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media and was carried out by Istanbul Bilgi University. Its results will provide an important reference point for monitoring future developments in the field of Internet regulation. More »

 

Reorganisation plan for the Greek public service broadcaster was announced

The Human Rights Committee, the monitoring body of the United Nations’ Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, discusses a draft General Comment relating to freedom of opinion and freedom of expression. The Covenant enshrines in Article 19 basic communicative freedoms like the freedom to hold an opinion without interference and the right to freedom of expression including the freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas in any form. The Human Rights Committee consists of 18 independent experts. Part of its tasks lays in the interpretation of the Covenant’s rights and the ensuing obligations for states party to the Covenant in the light of its decisions and of societal developments.

Concerning the media and the work of journalists, the Human Rights Committee states in the draft that a free and unhindered press or other media constitutes one of the cornerstones of a democratic society. State parties should, therefore, take care to encourage an independent and diverse media. As the consumption of the mass media has changed due to the development of Internet-based information dissemination systems, state parties should foster the independence of these new media and guarantee individuals’ access thereto. In the view of the Committee, it is incompatible with the Covenant to impose restrictions on Internet content solely on the basis that the content may be critical of government. State parties should, moreover, guarantee the independence and editorial freedom of public service broadcasting and provide funding in ways that it does not affect the broadcaster’s independence.

The draft General Comment is to be discussed on the forthcoming session of the Human Rights Council in July 2011 in Geneva. Further developments will be addressed here.

View the Draft general comment No. 34 here.

The Human Rights Committee, discusses a draft General Comment relating to freedom of opinion and freedom of expression. The Covenant enshrines in Article 19 basic communicative freedoms like the freedom to hold an opinion without interference and the right to freedom of expression including the freedom to seek, discusses a draft General Comment relating to freedom of opinion and freedom of expression. The Covenant enshrines in Article 19 basic communicative freedoms like the freedom to hold an opinion without interference and the right to freedom of expression including the freedom to seek, the Minister of State and government spokesman Elias Mosialos announced the restructuring of the Greek public service broadcaster, (in Greek).

 

United Nations: Human Rights Committee discusses the adoption of a new general comment on freedom of opinion and freedom of expression

Credits: ax2groin/Creative Commons

The MEDIADEM project aims at combining a strong academic direction with a policy development orientation. It aspires to produce expert scientific results and generate focused, useful and accessible policy-related output. Project partners are centres with a broad range of educational and research activities, and well-networked with the media sector, media policy-makers and civil society. This renders the MEDIADEM consortium particularly well-positioned to achieve the widest possible diffusion of project findings and access to key target groups.

The project is designed in such a way, so as to allow the largest number of potential users to be approached. Target audiences per type of project activities are described in detail below.

Project reports and collective publications

  • The academic community, graduate students and those carrying out research in the media field
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations (e.g. viewer and listener organisations, citizens’ associations, other pressure groups)

Mediadem Contributions:

–       A collective report, Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the EU and the Council of Europe

–       A theoretical report, The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project

Project policy papers and policy briefs

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations

Mediadem Contributions:

–       First MEDIADEM policy brief (available in English and Greek)

Project events

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations
  • The academic community and those carrying out research in the media field

Mediadem Contributions

–       Workshop on ‘Media policies & regulation for media freedom & independence’ (Athens, 30 june 2011)

–       Seminar on ‘regulation, co-regulation, self-regulation and the social responsibility of audiovisual media’ (Barcelona, 20 June 2011)

–       Workshop on ‘The Italian media system’ (Florence, 25 March 2011)

–       Workshop on ‘Government and the internet’ (Florence, 8-9 March 2011)

–       Workshop on ‘Greek media policy’ (Athens, 3 March 2011)

–       Workshop on ‘Media policies: Country practices within the EU media regulatory framework’ (Zagreb, 10 December 2010)

–       Workshop on the influence of the internet on the media (Brussels, 29 November 2010)

–       Workshop on ‘European policy for free and independent media systems: Current issues for regulation’ (Florence, 4 November 2010)

Other project material

  • All key target groups

Mediadem Contributions:

–       The MEDIADEM flyer in Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Romanian, Slovakian, Spanish and Turkish

–       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

–       News for the media

–       Views and commentary

Two Greek nation-wide newspapers, (The issue of licencing was discussed at ELIAMEP workshop), published in Eleftheros Typos (in Greek) on 1 July 2011, centred on the Greek media environment, placing emphasis on the issue of the award of broadcasting licences and the role of the National Council for Radio and Television in regulating the sector.

The article ‘? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????’ (The role of the mass media in the digital era), published in Estia (in Greek) on 1 July 2011, provided a brief overview of the themes addressed in the workshop by the various speakers, focusing on internet governance.

The Human Rights Committee, the monitoring body of the United Nations’ Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, discusses a draft General Comment relating to freedom of opinion and freedom of expression. The Covenant enshrines in Article 19 basic communicative freedoms like the freedom to hold an opinion without interference and the right to freedom of expression including the freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas in any form. The Human Rights Committee consists of 18 independent experts. Part of its tasks lays in the interpretation of the Covenant’s rights and the ensuing obligations for state parties to the Covenant in the light of its decisions and of societal developments. More »

 

Spain: Internet sites and blogs brought to court

Credits: ax2groin/Creative Commons

The MEDIADEM project aims at combining a strong academic direction with a policy development orientation. It aspires to produce expert scientific results and generate focused, useful and accessible policy-related output. Project partners are centres with a broad range of educational and research activities, and well-networked with the media sector, media policy-makers and civil society. This renders the MEDIADEM consortium particularly well-positioned to achieve the widest possible diffusion of project findings and access to key target groups.

The project is designed in such a way, so as to allow the largest number of potential users to be approached. Target audiences per type of project activities are described in detail below.

Project reports and collective publications

  • The academic community, graduate students and those carrying out research in the media field
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations (e.g. viewer and listener organisations, citizens’ associations, other pressure groups)

Mediadem Contributions:

–       A collective report, Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the EU and the Council of Europe

–       A theoretical report, The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project

Project policy papers and policy briefs

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations

Mediadem Contributions:

–       First MEDIADEM policy brief (available in English and Greek)

Project events

  • European policy-makers (EU institutions and the Council of Europe)
  • Decision-makers at national level
    – Ministries
    – Independent regulatory bodies and supervisory organs
    – Parliamentarians and parliamentary committees
  • Judicial authorities at national and European level
  • Non-state actors involved in media policy-making
    – Media companies, media professionals and their representative associations
    – Human rights organisations
    – Other civil society organisations
  • The academic community and those carrying out research in the media field

Mediadem Contributions

–       Workshop on ‘The Italian media system’ (Florence, 25 March 2011)

–       Workshop on ‘Government and the internet’ (Florence, 8-9 March 2011)

–       Workshop on ‘Greek media policy’ (Athens, 3 March 2011)

–       Workshop on ‘Media policies: Country practices within the EU media regulatory framework’ (Zagreb, 10 December 2010)

–       Workshop on the influence of the internet on the media (Brussels, 29 November 2010)

–       Workshop on ‘European policy for free and independent media systems: Current issues for regulation’ (Florence, 4 November 2010)

Other project material

  • All key target groups

Mediadem Contributions:

–       The MEDIADEM flyer in Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Romanian, Slovakian, Spanish and Turkish

–       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

–       News for the media

–       Views and commentary

Spanish public prosecutors have brought various internet sites and blogs to court, is following this case, which is based on a thorough investigation carried out by the regional office of public prosecutors and which might lead to important results, if courts accept to clarify the legal status of internet sites and blogs.

The news has been reported on 4 July by the News Agency Europa Press (in Spanish).

 

European Commission public consultation: Internet openess is essential

A collective report on media policy and regulation has just been published! The report, Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the EU and the Council of Europe, and Turkish

–       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

Credits: ax2groin/Creative Commons

The MEDIADEM project aims at combining a strong academic direction with a policy development orientation. It aspires to produce expert scientific results and generate focused, and Turkish

–       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

Credits: yuheitomi/Creative Commons

Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, explores the main regulatory instruments used to govern the media, and assesses the implications of the policies conducted for democratic politics.

The report also contains an analysis of the media-related activities of the European Union and the Council of Europe, focusing on the interventions that are relevant for the protection and promotion of media freedom and independence.

You may download the collective report here. Individual chapters are also available in pdf format (Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, the UK, EU/CoE).

The results of a public consultation, The open internet and net neutrality in Europe,   that was launched by the European Commission on 9 November 2010, revealed a near consensus on the importance of the openness of the internet, yet with divisions over how to preserve it. The consultation that lasted from 30 June to 30 September 2010 attracted a wide range of stakeholders, including the body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications (BEREC), network operators, internet service providers (ISPs), national authorities, consumer and civil society organisations as well as individuals. More »

 

Switchover to digital television broadcasting

A theoretical report on media policy and media freedom and independence has been published a few days after MEDIADEM’s first report on media policy and regulation. The theoretical report discusses basic concepts and analytical issues upon which the MEDIADEM project is based. It conceptualises contemporary media policy and explores the concept of media freedom and independence, whose protection and promotion forms the object of MEDIADEM research. You may download the report here.

Credits: Creative Commons

A theoretical report on media policy and media freedom and independence has been published a few days after MEDIADEM’s first report on media policy and regulation. The theoretical report discusses basic concepts and analytical issues upon which the MEDIADEM project is based. It conceptualises contemporary media policy and explores the concept of media freedom and independence, and Turkish

–       A detailed MEDIADEM brochure in English

Credits: Arnisto.com/ Creative Commons

On Tuesday, 5th of October 2010 the analogue television broadcasts have been switched off for all national television channels in the Republic of Croatia, thus marking a transition to digital television broadcasting. Several low-power analog transmitters will be in function until the end of the year as the digital transmission of local and regional television is still in testing phase, and due to the fact that a number of households are not fully covered with digital signal. To ease the transition to digital transmission the government has developed a subsidy system of vouchers to users for the purchase of receivers for all digital terrestrial television signals. More »

 
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