EUI workshop on ‘The Italian media system’
Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2008): Balancing Culture and Competition: State Support for Film and Television in European Community Law. Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies 10, 35-66
Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2007): Media Convergence and the Regulation of Audiovisual Content: Is the European Community’s Audiovisual Media Services Directive Fit for Purpose? Current Legal Problems, 238-277
Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2007): The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions: Building a New World Information and Communication Order? International Journal of Communication, 24-55
Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2006): European Community Media Regulation in a Converging Environment. In Shuibhne N.N. (ed.): Regulating the Internal Market. Edward Elgar Publishing
Craufurd Smith, Rachael (2005): Preserving and Promoting Media Pluralism and Diversity in Europe: The Role of the European Union. In Brogi, E., Vodinelic, V. and Gajin, S. (eds): Developing a Harmonized Information and Communication Law in Europe. Centre for Advanced Legal Studies, Belgrade
De la Sierra, Susana (2008): Principios y Objetivos Relacionados con el Reforzamiento de la identidad Cultural de la Comunidad Autónoma (Principles and Objectives Related to the Reinforcement of Cultural Identity of Autonomous Communities in Spain). In Balaguer Callejón F. (ed.): Reformas Estatutarias y Declarationes de Derechos 789 et seq. Tirant lo blanch/Instituto Andaluz de Administración Pública, Valencia
Docquir, Pierre-François (2007): Variables et Variations de la Liberté d’Expression aux Etats-Unis et en Europe. Coll. Droit & Justice, n° 72. Bruylant, Bruxelles
Docquir, Pierre-François (2007): Droit de Réponse ‘2.0’ ou la Tentation d’un Droit Subjectif d’Accès à la Tribune Médiatique. In Les Propos qui Heurtent, Choquent ou Inquiètent, Revue de Droit de l’ULB. Brussels
Fengler, Susanne & Ruß-Mohl, Stephan (2008): Journalists and Information-Attention-Markets. Journalism 9 (6), 667–690
Fengler, Susanne & Ruß-Mohl, Stephan (2008): The Crumbling Hidden Wall: Towards an Economic Theory of Journalism. Kyklos 61 (4), 520-542
Fengler, Susanne (2008): Media Journalism and the Power of Blogging Citizens. In Krogh, Torbjörn von (eds): Media Accountability Today – and Tomorrow. Göteborg: Nordicom
Fengler, Susanne & Ruß-Mohl, Stephan (2006): The Three Paradoxes of Media Journalism. In Egli von Matt, Sylvia et al. (eds): Media Journalism in the Attention Cycle – Problems, Perspectives, Visions. Lugano/Milano: Giampiero Casagrande Editore
Fengler, Susanne (2003): Holding the News Media Accountable: A Study of Media Reporters and Media Critics in the United States. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 80 (4), 818-832.
Frydman, Benoît et al. (forthcoming, 2010): Public Strategies for Internet Co-regulation in the United States, Europe and China. In Brousseau, E. & Marzouki, M, Meadel C. (eds): Governance, Regulations and Powers on the Internet. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
Frydman, Benoît & Englebert, Jacques (2002): Le Contrôle Judiciaire de la Presse. Auteurs & Médias 2002/6
Frydman, Benoît (1997): Quel Droit pour l’Internet? In Montero, É. (ed.): Internet Sous le Regard du Droit. Bruxelles. Editions du Jeune Barreau de Bruxelles
Fossum, John Erik & Schlesinger, Philip (eds) (2007): The European Union and the Public Sphere: A Communicative Space in the Making? London and New York: SAGE
Gusy, Christoph & Haupt, Heinz-Gerhard (eds) (2005): Inklusion und Partizipation – Politische Kommunikation im Historischen Wandel (Inclusion and Participation – Political Communication in its Historical Change). Frankfurt/Main
Gusy, Christoph (2008): Pressefreiheit contra Republikschutz (Freedom of the Press versus Protection of the Republic)? In Kohl, Neschwara & Simon (eds), Festschrift für Wilhelm Brauneder zum 65. Geburtstag. Wien
Lauk, Epp (2009): Reflections on Changing Patterns of Journalism in the New EU Countries. Journalism Studies 10 (1), 69 – 84
Lauk, Epp (2008): How Will it All Unfold? Media Systems and Journalism Cultures in Post-Communist Countries. In Jakubowicz, K. & Sükösd, M (eds): Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in Global Perspective. London, Intellect Books
Mazziotti, Giuseppe (2009): Italy. In Long, C. (ed.): Global Telecommunications Law and Practice. Sweet and Maxwell, London
Mazziotti, Giuseppe (2008): EU Digital Copyright Law and the End-User. Springer Verlag, Berlin
Mungiu-Pippidi, Alina (2002): From State to Public Service: The Failed Reform of State Television in Central Eastern Europe. In Sükösd, M. & Bajomi-Lázár, P. (eds): Reinventing Media: Media Policy Reform in East Central Europe. Budapest: CEU Press
Ondruchova, Maria (2007): Wahlkampf global (Global Election Campaigns). In Politik und Kommunikation
Peruško, Zrinjka. & Popovi?, Helena (2008): Media Concentration Trends in Central and Eastern Europe. In Jakubowicz, K. & Sukosd, M. (eds): Finding the Right Place on the Map: Central and Eastern European Media Change in Global Perspective. Intellect Books: Bristol
Peruško, Zrinjka. & Popovi?, Helena (2008): From Transmission to the Public Good: Media Policy for the Digital Age in Croatia. In: Sukosd, M. & Isanovi?, A. (eds) Public Service Television in the Digital Age: Strategies and Opportunities in Five South-East European Countries. Mediacentar: Sarajevo
Primorac, Jaka and Jurlin, Kreiimir (2008): Access, Piracy and Culture: The Implications of Digitalization in Southeastern Europe. In: Uzelac, A. & Cvjeti?anin, B. (eds): Digital Culture: The Changing Dynamics, Culturelink Joint Publication Series. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations.
Popovi?, Helena & Hromadži?, Hajrudin (2008): Media Users: From Readership to Co-Creators. In Uzelac, A. & Cvjeticanin, B. (eds): The Changing Dynamics, Culturelink Joint Publication Series. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations.
Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2010): The ‘Cultural’ Criterion in the European Commission’s Assessment of State-Aids to the Audio-Visual Sector. Legal Issues of Economic Integration 37, 273-91
Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2008): The Integration of Cultural Considerations in EU Law and Policies. Martinus NIjhoff Publishers: Brill
Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia (2006): EC State Aid Control and Cultural Justifications. Legal Issues of Economic Integration 33 (1), 3-38
Rorive, Isabelle & Frydman, Benoît (2002): Regulating Internet Content through Intermediaries in Europe and the USA. Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie. Max Planck Institute
Rorive, Isabelle (2003): Strategies to Tackle Racism and Xenophobia on the Internet – Where are We in Europe? International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, 7. Available at: http://www.ijclp.net/ijclp_web-doc_8-7-2003.html
Schlesinger, Philip (2009): Cultural and Communications Policy and the Stateless Nation. Introduction to the Journal, Catalan Journal of Communication & Cultural Studies 1(1), 9-14
Schlesinger, Philip (2009): Creativity and the Experts: New Labour, Think Tanks and the Policy Process’. International Journal of Press Politics 14(3), 3-20
Schlesinger, Philip (2007): La Nación y Espacio Comunicativo. In Lila Luchessi & María Graciela Rodriguez (eds): Fronteras Globales: Cultura, Política y Medios de Comunicacíon. Buenos Aires: La Crujía
Schlesinger, Philip (1991): Media, State and Nation. London: Sage, 1991
Schulz, Wolfgang (2009): The Legal Framework for Public Service Broadcasting after the German State Aid Case: Procrustean Bed or Hammock? Journal of Media Law 1 (2), 219-241
Schulz, Wolfgang (2008): Kommentierung zu Art. 10 EMRK und Art. 5 GG. In Berlit W, Meyer C and Paschke M (eds.): Hamburger Kommentar zum gesamten Medienrecht. Baden-Baden
Schulz, Wolfgang (2008): Medienkonvergenz light – Zur neuen Europäischen Richtlinie über audiovisuelle Mediendienste [Media Convergence Light – on the New European Directives on Audiovisual Media Services]. EuZW
Schulz, Wolfgang, Held, Thorsten & Laudien, Arne (2005): Suchmaschinen als Gatekeeper in der öffentlichen Kommunikation. Berlin
Schulz, Wolfgang & Held, Thorsten (2004): Regulated Self-regulation as a Form of Modern Government. An Analysis of Case Studies from Media and Telecommunications Law. Eastleigh
Schulz, Wolfgang & Ziewitz, Malte (2004): Extending the Access Obligation to EPGs and Service Platforms? In Closs, W. & Nikolzchev S. (eds): Regulating Access to Digital Television. Strasbourg
Schulz, Wolfgang (2003): Aufmerksamkeit für die “Res Publica” im Zeitalter der Vernetzung: vom Leitbild der integrativen Gesamtöffentlichkeit zur Koordination situativer Themenöffentlichkeiten. In Ladeur K.-H. (Ed): Innovationsoffene Regulierung des Internet: Neues Recht für Kommunikationsnetzwerke. Baden-Baden
Schulz, Wolfgang, Held, Thorsten & Kops, Manfred (2001): Von der dualen Rundfunkordnung zur dienstespezifisch diversifizierten Informationsordnung? Baden-Baden
Skolkay, Andrej (forthcoming, 2010): Media Law in Slovakia. Kluwer Publishers
Skolkay Andrej (2009): Media and Globalisation. Bratislava: School of Communication and Media
Stolte, Yolande (2005): Preserving and Promoting Media Pluralism and Diversity in Europe: The Role of the European Union. In Brogi, E., Vodinelic, V. and Gajin, S. (eds): Developing a Harmonized Information and Communication Law in Europe. Centre for Advanced Legal Studies: Belgrade
Švob-?oki?, Nada et al. (2008): Kultura Zaborava. Industrijalizacija Kulturnih Djelatnosti (The Culture of Oblivion. The Industrialization of Culture). Zagreb: Naklada Jesenski-Turk
Švob-?oki?, Nada (ed.), (2004): Cultural Transitions in South-Eastern Europe. Zagreb: Institute for International Relations
final programme – EUI – the italian media system?he Department of Law of the European University Institute (EUI) organised a workshop on the Italian media system as part of the MEDIADEM project which took place in Florence on March 25, and 2011. Two were the main topics debated: the evolution of the journalistic profession in the new media environment, patient
covered during the morning session, and the audiovisual media policy in Italy, discussed in the afternoon.
The workshop started with an introduction to the MEDIADEM project’s aim, objectives and progress up to date by Prof. Fabrizio Cafaggi and Dr Elda Brogi. The morning session continued with a presentation by Mr Roberto Natale, President of the Federazione Nazionale Stampa Italiana (FNSI). Mr Natale described the challenges that the new media have brought to the journalistic profession, highlighting that in such an overloaded media context, professional journalism offers information and news of higher quality. The role of the professional journalist, he explained, was made clear in the context of the dispute between ‘The Guardian’ and Julian Assange on the publication of the whole Wikileaks archive. The Guardian’s decision to publish selected information and not the entire archive is closely linked to the definition of journalists’ tasks in the new media environment, that is ‘selecting’ what is relevant for publication. The FNSI, he then noted, is in favour of the preservation of the Ordine dei Giornalisti (the public associative body of the profession in Italy), as the latter can guarantee respect for the deontological codes. Nevertheless, Mr Natale argued, the Ordine should be reformed, as well as the access to the profession, in order to have more qualified journalists. Journalists should be required to have a specific professional education.
Mr Giuseppe Rea, member of the Council of the Ordine dei Giornalisti and coordinator of the group Libertà di Stampa – Diritto all’Informazione (LSDI), subsequently took the floor. He presented the draft legislation of the Italian Parliament on the reform of the Ordine and focused on aspects relating to online journalism, citizen journalism and data journalism. The Italian editorial industry, he argued, has not yet realised the potential of the new media and has not yet developed strategies for the use of the new communication tools. Prof. Gennaro Carotenuto, who teaches History of Journalism at the University of Macerata, underlined how the Wikileaks affair is changing the role of journalists. Partially disagreeing with Roberto Natale, he affirmed that journalists nowadays are not asked to choose information, but rather to make it available as found and received without making any selection. Mr Piero Macrì, Member of the European Journalism Observatory, stressed that publishers should invest in the online information market. Since they recognise the important value of online information in the supply chain of the editorial industry, they should better reward online journalists.
The afternoon session started with the introductory remarks of Prof. Cafaggi who stressed MEDIADEM’s focus on new media regulation, and Dr Elda Brogi who highlighted the most important issues concerning the Italian regulatory regime. These include the current debate on media ownership and on political pluralism, the role of the National Regulatory Authority and the effective implementation of the European Audiovisual Media Services Directive (Directive 2007/65/EC) among others. Prof. Roberto Zaccaria, member of the Camera dei Deputati, then critically reviewed the governance of the Italian audiovisual sector, focusing on the tasks of the Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni. The session continued with Prof. Roberto Mastroianni (Professor of European Law at the University of Naples) who discussed the interpretation of Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights in relation to media pluralism, and Mr Ottavio Grandinetti (attorney) who talked about the attempts of Sky Italia to enter the digital terrestrial television market in Italy. Ms Camilla Sebastiani of the Policy Study Department of the Authority of Communications presented the role of the Authority in safeguarding media pluralism. The Head of Unit of the Policy Studies Office of the Autorità Garante per la Concorrenza ed il Mercato (the Italian Authority on Market and Trade), Ms Valeria Amendola, subsequently referred to the case Association of the Italian Newspaper Industries (FIEG) v Google concerning the alleged abuse of the latter’s dominant position in the online market.
The workshop ended with a discussion on the effectiveness of competition in the Italian audiovisual market and the need for the national communication authority to adopt a more incisive role in the implementation of the EU principles of competition and non discrimination in the regulation of the audiovisual market.
The agenda of the workshop is available here.
For more information on the workshop, you may contact Elda Brogi.