MEDIADEM panel at the 2012 Halki International Seminar

Credits: yuheitomi/Creative Commons

Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the European Union and the Council of Europe

A comprehensive collective report discussing media policy and regulation in 14 European countries was produced in the context of the MEDIADEM project. The report discusses the configuration of the media landscape in the countries under study, explores the main regulatory instruments used to govern the media, and assesses the implications of the policies conducted for democratic politics.

The report also contains an analysis of the media-related activities of the European Union and the Council of Europe, focusing on the interventions that are relevant for the protection and promotion of media freedom and independence.

You may download the collective report here. Individual chapters are also available in pdf format (Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, the UK, EU/CoE).

The formation and implementation of national media policies in Europe and their relationship to democratic society and media freedom and independence: A theoretical and analytical frame for the MEDIADEM project

A theoretical report clarifying basic concepts and analytical issues upon which MEDIADEM research is based and pursued was produced. The report conceptualises media policy in an increasingly converged and integrated media environment, and discusses its relationship to democracy, as well as its nature, scope, making and implementation. The report further explores the concept of media freedom and independence, which is identified as a distinct area for the study of media policy, and examines present practice and potential of regulation in the field. The report is available here.

Key observations on how to understand ‘free and independent’ media can also be found at the first MEDIADEM policy brief (available in English and Greek), which also provides policy recommendations for their promotion.

Universia, a webpage on news about university issues in Spain, which was held on 30 June 2011 in Athens. The article ‘La UCLM presenta en Atenas una ponencia sobre autorregulación de los medios de comunicación’ (The UCLM presents a paper on media self-regulation in Athens), published on 18 July 2011, provided a description of the MEDIADEM project and its aims. It then focused on the presentation of Susana de la Sierra, Professor at the University of Castilla-La Mancha, in the workshop which was about recent developments regarding practices of journalists’ self-regulation in the print and audiovisual media in Spain.

Universia, a webpage on news about university issues in Spain, was set up in 1972 by the six founding Member States of the European Communities to provide advanced academic training to doctoral researchers and to promote research at the highest level. It opened its doors to the first researchers in 1976. It presently carries out research in a European perspective in Economics, Law, was set up in 1972 by the six founding Member States of the European Communities to provide advanced academic training to doctoral researchers and to promote research at the highest level. It opened its doors to the first researchers in 1976. It presently carries out research in a European perspective in Economics, was established in February 2008 in Bratislava. The School’s primary area of focus is mass media communication, was established in February 2008 in Bratislava. The School’s primary area of focus is mass media communication,
Address: School of Communication and Media, n.o.
Handlovska 45
Bratislava 851 01
Slovakia

Radoslav Kutaš is former Deputy Head of the Programming Department of the Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission and Director of the Audiovisual and Cinematography Department of the Ministry of Culture of the Slovak Republic. He is co-author of the Slovak Digital Broadcasting bill and member of various expert groups. Currently he works as a consultant for Cinema, Advertising and Information Society. He lectures at the Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava and is Senior Researcher at the School of Communication and Media in Bratislava since 2011.

E-mail: kutas@pubres.sk

?ubica Gállová is Chair of the Supervisory Council and a Research Assistant affiliated with the School of Communication and Media in Bratislava, Slovakia. She is well-experienced in project management and project proposal writing. Her experience includes intercultural and educational research projects and execution of various short-term and mid-term projects.

E-mail: lgallova@gmail.com

Miroslav Kollár is Chair of the Slovakian Council of Radio and Television. He has worked for the Czech Wire Agency, the weekly magazine Mosty, the daily newspaper Sme and the monthly newspaper OS. Miro has co-edited a number of publications, and has managed the Internet-based news and analysis portals mediaportal.sk and digimedia.sk. He has also served as the Chair of the Council of the Slovak Public Television (STV) and as the General Director of the private news agency SITA.

E-mail: kollar.miro@gmail.com

Andrej Miklánek is Vice-chairman of the Slovakian Council of Radio and Television. He has previously been a member of the Council of the Slovak Television, Head of Sports Broadcasting of the Slovak Public Television (STV), Producer of sports programmes, Sports Commentator for the a major cable provider UPC and part-time Editor of the Sports Department of the STV.

E-mail: andrej.miklanek@mediaresearch.sk

The Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, ELIAMEP, organised a MEDIADEM panel at the 2012 Halki International Seminar ‘Conflict prevention – Media and South Eastern Europe: Progress or regression?’, which took place on 7-10 June in Halki, Greece. The seminar allowed around 40 participants, mainly journalists, academics and members of civil society and professional associations, to reflect upon the role of the media in South Eastern Europe and their potential contribution to conflict prevention. The MEDIADEM panel entitled ‘Mass media, economic power and political control: trends in 2000-2012’ addressed the challenges on media freedom and independence in Turkey, Romania, Greece and Croatia. The panel was chaired by Paolo Mancini, Professor of Sociology of Communication at the University of Perugia.

The panel started with a brief introduction to the MEDIADEM project, its scope, objectives and methodology by Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, the scientific coordinator of the MEDIADEM project and research fellow at ELIAMEP. Dilek Kurban, Director of the Democratization Program at Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation, then discussed the main challenges facing media freedom in Turkey and the legal constraints imposed on what the media can publish, with a focus on the tension between criminal laws regulating anti-terrorism and freedom of expression. The impact of the close relations between the state and powerful media outlets on media independence were also analysed in detail. The presentation of Christian Mititelu, former head of BBC Romania and member of the National Audiovisual Council of Romania, dealt with the structure of media ownership and its effects on pluralism and media freedom. The limited degree of transparency in media ownership and in the provision of funds to the media was also addressed. On her part, Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, talked about the institutional structures available for the design and implementation of the Greek media policy, and the principal characteristics of the media regulatory framework. The particularistic relationships between the political system and the media, and the complexity of the rules enacted were considered to undermine the independence of the media. The final presentation was that of Nada Švob-?oki?, senior research advisor at the Institute for International Relations in Zagreb, who talked about the current situation of the Croatian public service broadcaster, the Croatian Radio Television, in the light of the announced changes of the Croatian Radio and Television Act.

The panel’s presentations were followed by lively discussion in which speakers and the attendees exchanged opinions and views on the constraints impacting independent media operation in the various countries under examination.

See the agenda of the workshop and the list of participants.